Protecting Our Homes from the Worldwide Epidemic
As Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) broke out in China in 2002, some of the earliest alerts were provided by the Global Public Health Intelligence Network (GPHIN), an automated system that WHO uses to scan Web sites and electronic discussion groups for signs of disease outbreaks that could lead to epidemics. Another WHO system, the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GORAN) links 112 existing networks to monitor and respond to outbreaks of infectious diseases. As SARS came to light, WHO drew on these resources to establish a virtual network of eleven leading laboratories. Using a shared Web site and daily teleconferences to pool information and coordinate activities, they worked to identify the cause of the disease and develop a diagnostic test. WHO's quick response in issuing global alerts and travel advisories and in coordinating international resources have been credited with helping to efficiently contain the spread of the disease.
One recent influence is the catastrophic HIV AIDS pandemic that already affects a quarter of the men in many countries in Southern Africa and women and children to a lesser extent. The consequent increases in early morbidity and mortality54 have decreased mean survival time in South Africa from 62 to 44 years.55,56 In neighboring Botswana, half of all deaths are due to the infection.57 However, the HIV AIDS situation primarily affects the young and those in early middle age it will not diminish the likelihood of rises in CHD in the near future in the less affected upper-middle aged and elderly Africans, particularly those in better circumstances.
. . . if dietary supplements can protect against biological threats No, although some supplement promoters may make this claim. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), no current and credible scientific evidence suggests that supplements on the market today offer protection from or treatment for biological contaminants such as anthrax, SARS, or bird (avian) flu.
Amid the technological marvels of the twenty-first century, health care specialists agree that the single most effective way to prevent the transmission of disease is by washing your hands. Unwashed hands are thought to be responsible for one-quarter of food-borne illnesses, including E. coli and salmonella, and are a major means of transmission for SARS, meningitis, hepatitis, and the common cold. Studies have shown that infection rates in schools and day-care centers plummet after the launch of hand-washing campaigns. The most important times to wash your hands are after using the toilet or handling a diaper, handling raw food such as chicken, sneezing or coughing into your hand, or being out in public. While anitbacterial soaps are considered no more effective than regular soaps, alcohol gels in hand sanitizers have received high praise for their ability to eliminate germs.
Since its emergence as a medical specialty in the 1960s, the focus of nephrology has changed dramatically in the past decade. What started as a discipline to provide dialysis and transplant care to patients with kidney failure in the 1970s has evolved to that of the detection and treatment of the much larger number of prevalent cases at earlier stages of the disease, in order to prevent its adverse outcomes (kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, and premature death) that occur in the course of gradual loss of kidney function. The changing demographics of chronic kidney disease (CKD) care has led to the adoption of a public health approach to the worldwide epidemic of CKD.
Coronaviruses are large enveloped single-stranded RNA viruses related to toroviruses. These viruses are a well-documented cause of gastroenteritis in animals and of the common cold in humans. Coronaviruses have been identified in the stools of children with diarrhea, but their role as a cause of diarrhea is unknown. They have been detected more commonly in the diarrheal stools of older children and young adults. The prolonged virus excretion makes it difficult to assess their etiologi-cal role. Recently, coronavirus mutants have been implicated in the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).93
The rapid increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the U.S. represents a major health problem. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and after tobacco use, obesity is the second-leading preventable cause of death in the U.S.1 Obesity is the result of sustained positive-energy balance, and the current obesity epidemic is the result of interactions between genes and the environment (i.e., diet and exercise habits), as well as metabolic, social, behavioral, and psychological factors. Obesity has been associated with three conditions that are characterized by resistance to insulin-mediated glucose disposal coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension.23 It has been estimated that approximately 25 percent of the U.S. population has three or more of the following abnormalities excess body weight, high triglyceride or low HDL cholesterol concentration, hypertension, or impaired fasting glucose.4
SWINE INFLUENZA frightening you? CONCERNED about the health implications? Coughs and Sneezes Spread Diseases! Stop The Swine Flu from Spreading. Follow the advice to keep your family and friends safe from this virus and not become another victim. These simple cost free guidelines will help you to protect yourself from the swine flu.