T

Taiwan, organic foods in, 2:115

Tajines, 1:17, 17

Tamales, 1:115

Tartrazine, 1:4

Tea caffeine, 1:81, 81i England, Wales, and Scotland,

2:84 Ireland, 2:86 South America, 2:201 Teenagers. See Adolescent nutrition

TEFAP (The Emergency Food Assistance Program), 1:128, 284-285 Television African Americans, 2:167-168 body image, 2:131 International Children's Day of

Broadcasting, 2:226 obesity, 2:106 TV Dinners, 2:141 Temperance, 1:254, 255, 2:254 Temperate zone, defined, 1:18 Ten Steps to Successful

Breastfeeding program, 2:226 Testosterone, defined, 1:137 Tetracycline, 2:88t, 89 Tex-Mex cuisine, 1:116 Thailand, food insecurity, 1:22.9, 230 Thalassemia, defined, 1:38 Thermoregulate, defined, 2:225 Thiamine (vitamin B1), 2:238, 240i and beriberi, 1:62 Casimir, Funk, 1:244 deficiency, 1:62, 2:103, 181 and rice, 2:181 Thiazide, 2:88i Thickening agents, 1:2 Thirst, 2:217, 217, 247 Threonine, 2:156i Thrifty Food Plan, 1:153 Thrifty gene, 1:145, 2:126 Title V Maternal Child Health

Program, 2:98 Tobacco. See Smoking Tocopherol. See Vitamin E Toddlers. See Preschoolers and toddlers, diet of Tofu, 2:207, 209, 230, 231

defined, 1:5 Tolerable Upper Intake Level, 1:155 Tolerance, defined, 1:24 Tomatoes carotenoids, 1:113, 2:234 genetically modified, 1:65, 245-246 and prostate cancer, 1:91, 2:234 Tortillas, 1:113, 114, 114-115, 116 Total vegetarians, 2:229, 243 Toxemia, 1:289, 2:146, 2:223

See also Pregnancy Toxicant, defined, 1:4 Toxicity calcium, 1:84, 2:61 fluoride, 2:63 iron, 2:63 magnesium, 2:61 manganese, 2:63 minerals, 2:61, 63

Toxicity (continued) phosphate, 2:61 potassium, 2:61 sodium, 2:61 vitamin A, 2:233t, 234 vitamin D, 2:233t, 236 vitamin E, 2:2331, 237 vitamin K, 2:2331, 236 Toxins defined, 1:77

in genetically modified foods, 1:246 Trace, defined, 1:43 Trace minerals, 2:61-63 Traditional Healthy Mediterranean

Diet Pyramid, 1:226-227 Trall, Russell, 2:17 Trans-fatty acids defined, 1:100 on food labels, 1:217 Mediterranean diet, 1:260 Traveler's diarrhea, 1:149 A Treatise of the Rickets, 1:249, 249 Treatise on Bread and Bread Making

(Graham), 1:255 Trichinella spiralis, 2:3, 120i Trick or Treat for UNICEF, 2:228 Triglycerides as basic fat unit, 1:215, 216,

2:92-93 defined, 1:68 in fat metabolism, 2:56 optimal, borderline, and high levels, 2:29t Trinidad and Tobago, 1:110 Tripeptides, 1:37 Tryptophan, 2:156i in maize, 1:134 and niacin, 2:239, 240-241 and pellagra, 2:135, 240-241 as precursor of serotonin, 2:64 and pyridoxal phosphate, 2:242 Tuber, defined, 1:108 Tuberculosis and breastfeeding, 2:146 defined, 1:51 Tularemia, defined, 2:187 Tulp, Nicolaas, 2:223-225, 2:224

See also Beriberi Tumor, 1:88, 90 Tumor suppressor gene, 1:91 TV. See Television Type I diabetes, 1:144, 145, 146 Type II diabetes, 1:144-145, 146, 147 defined, 1:14 and exercise, 1:288

Native Americans, 2:81 prevalence, 1:164 Typhoid, defined, 1:253 Typhus, defined, 1:253 Tyramine, 1:28, 2:89 Tyrosine, 2:66, 137, 156i Tzotzil, 1:114

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