Mad Cow and Creutzfeldt Jakob

New variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is a rare, fatal brain disorder that is contracted by eating meat from cows infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or "mad cow disease"). The disease has an incubation period lasting years or decades and has no known cure. As of December 2003, 153 cases of vCJD had been reported worldwide, the vast majority of which were in people who had lived in the United Kingdom during a BSE epidemic that lasted from 1980 to 1996. In 2003 a cow with BSE was discovered in the United States for the first time.

—Paula Kepos incidence: number of new cases reported each year malnutrition: chronic lack of sufficient nutrients to maintain health pathogen: organism that causes disease cholera: bacterial infection of the small intestine causing severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration globalization: development of worldwide economic system microorganisms: bacteria and protists; single-celled organisms hepatitis: liver inflammation salmonellosis: food poisoning due to Salmonella bacteria

Escherichia coli: common bacterium found in human large intestine listeriosis: infectious disease caused by Listeria bacteria

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