Infant Nutrition

nutrition: the maintenance of health through proper eating, or the study of same calorie: unit of food energy vitamin: necessary complex nutrient used to aid enzymes or other metabolic processes in the cell mineral: an inorganic (non-carbon-containing) element, ion or compound energy: technically, the ability to perform work; the content of a substance that allows it to be useful as a fuel metabolic: related to processing of nutrients and building of necessary molecules within the cell diet: the total daily food intake, or the types of foods eaten protein: complex molecule composed of amino acids that performs vital functions in the cell; necessary part of the diet fat: type of food molecule rich in carbon and hydrogen, with high energy content carbohydrate: food molecule made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, including sugars and starches essential fatty acids: particular molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that the human body must have but cannot make itself iron: nutrient needed for red blood cell formation fortified: altered by addition of vitamins or minerals vitamin D: nutrient needed for calcium uptake and therefore proper bone formation morbidity: illness or accident antibody: immune system protein that protects against infection incidence: number of new cases reported each year gastrointestinal: related to the stomach and intestines

The first year of life is a period of very rapid growth. An infant's birth weight doubles after about five months and triples by the first birthday, by which time the infant's length increases by half. Adequate and appropriate nutrition is essential during this period, for infants that do not receive sufficient calories, vitamins, and minerals will not reach their expected growth.

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