Forming Healthy Communities

nutrient: dietary substance necessary for health carotenoid: plant-derived molecules used as pigments antioxidant: substance that prevents oxidation, a damaging reaction with oxygen cancer: uncontrolled cell growth macular degeneration: death of cells of the macula, part of the eye's retina heart disease: any disorder of the heart or its blood supply, including heart attack, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease cholesterol: multi-ringed molecule found in animal cell membranes; a type of lipid artery: blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart toward the body tissues

Desiring a longer and richer quality of life, many governments of the Caribbean Islands have introduced programs to combat chronic diseases and promote a more physically active lifestyle. For example, in Grenada, a campaign to "grow what you eat and eat what you grow" demonstrates a move to increase consumption of local foods.

Adequate nutrition cannot be achieved without the consumption of sufficient foods containing a wide array of nutrients. Poor health status, whether as a result of insufficient food intake, overconsumption, or nutrition imbalance, threatens longevity and increases health care costs. The challenge is to improve the availability of nutritious foods and the eating habits of the varied population. see also Africans, Diets of; African Americans, Diet of; Dietary Trends, International; Fast Foods.

Paulette Sinclair-Weir

Bibliography

"Assessing Dietary Trends in the Caribbean" (1998). Cajanus, the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Quarterly 31(4).

Campbell, Versada (1988). Caribbean Foodways. Kingston, Jamaica: Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute.

"Food Consumption Issues and Trends" (2000). Cajanus, the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Quarterly 33(1).

"Food Marketing Trends" (2000). Cajanus, the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Quarterly 33(4).

Forrester, Clare (1999). "Selling Nutrition Behavior." Cajanus, the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Quarterly 32(1).

Kutler, Pamela Goyan, and Sucher, Kathryn P. (2000). Food and Culture, 3rd edition, New York: Thomson Learning.

Mcintosh, E. Curtis (2000). "Food, Nutrition, and Health for National Development." Cajanus, the Caribbean Food and Nutrition Quarterly 33(4).

Prasad, P. V. Devi (1986). Edible Fruits and Vegetables of the English-Speaking Caribbean. Kingston, Jamaica: Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute.

Sheridan, Richard B. (1974) Sugar and Slavery. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Stein-Barer, Thelma (1999). You Eat What You Are: People, Culture, and Food Tradition, 2nd edition. Toronto: Firefly.

Internet Resource

Pan American Health Organization. <http://www.paho.org>

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