Diarrhea, a condition that has a major impact on global health, is highly correlated with nutritional status. It is an important area of focus due not only to its high worldwide prevalence and health costs, but also because it can be significantly reduced by appropriate interventions and treatment.

Diarrhea has various causes and symptoms, resulting in a wide range of definitions for this illness. The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) defines diarrhea as loose, watery stools occurring more than three times a day, which is the most common definition. The term acute diarrhea is used to describe an episode lasting less than three weeks. Persistent diarrhea is an episode that lasts more than fourteen days, and chronic diarrhea is the term for recurring episodes of diarrhea. Dysentery is diarrhea that contains blood. The severity of diarrhea ranges from asymptomatic to severe dehydration resulting in death.

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