Binge Eating

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Binge eating disorder (BED), also known as compulsive overeating, has been designated as a psychiatric disorder requiring further study by the binge: uncontrolled indulgence eating disorder: behavioral disorder involving excess consumption, avoidance of consumption, self-induced vomiting, or other food-related aberrant behavior calorie: unit of food energy overweight: weight above the accepted norm based on height, sex, and age obese: above accepted standards of weight for sex, height, and age high blood pressure: elevation of the pressure in the bloodstream maintained by the heart diabetes: inability to regulate level of sugar in the blood cholesterol: multi-ringed molecule found in animal cell membranes; a type of lipid heart disease: any disorder of the heart or its blood supply, including heart attack, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease

American Psychiatric Association. Like bulimics, individuals suffering from binge eating disorder indulge in regular episodes of gorging, but unlike bulimics, they do not purge afterward. Binges are accompanied by a similar sense of guilt, embarrassment, and loss of self-control seen among bulimics. Because of the tremendous number of calories consumed, many people with BED are overweight or obese, and as a result they are more prone to complications such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease.

A clinical diagnosis of BED requires bingeing at least two times a week for a period of six months or longer. see also Addiction, Food; Bulimia Nervosa; Eating Disorders; Eating Disturbances; Yo-Yo Dieting.

Karen Ansel

Bibliography

American Dietetic Association (1998). Nutrition Intervention in the Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (ED-NOS). Chicago.

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition. Washington, DC.

Escott-Stump, Sylvia, and Mahan, L. Kathleen (1996). Krause's Food, Nutrition, and Diet Therapy, 9th edition. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.

bioavailability: availability to living organisms, based on chemical form calcium: mineral essential for bones and teeth intestines: the two long tubes that carry out the bulk of the processes of digestion

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