Artificial Sweeteners Pending FDA Approval

Alitame is two thousand times sweeter than sugar. An FDA petition was filed in 1986. Like neotame, alitame is a derivative of aspartame. It is approved for use in a variety of food and beverage products in Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, Colombia, Indonesia, and the People's Republic of China.

Cyclamate was discovered in 1937, banned in 1969, and a petition for approval was refiled in 1982. After being banned by the FDA in 1969, due to findings that high doses cause bladder tumors in mice, cyclamate has been approved for use in more than fifty countries. The sweetener is a derivative of cyclohexylsulfamic acid and is thirty times sweeter than sucrose. In May 2003, the European Union reduced the recommended average daily intake of this sweetener in soft drinks, juice, and milk-based drinks, based on evidence that the conversion rate of cyclamate in the body is higher than previously thought.

Stevioside (stevia) is obtained from the leaves of a South American shrub. Though it can impart a sweet taste to foods, it cannot be sold as a sweetener because the FDA considers it an unapproved food additive. Stevioside is a high-intensity low-calorie sweetener three hundred times sweeter than sucrose. It is approved in Japan, South Korea, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has determined that the data is insufficient to label it as a sweetener.

Artificial sweeteners taste sweet like sugar without the added calories. They do not promote tooth decay, and they are an acceptable alternative diabetes: inability to regulate level of for people with diabetes or those wishing to decrease their use of sucrose.

sugar in the blood Artificial sweeteners, and their metabolic by-products and components, are not considered harmful to human beings at the levels normally used. When diet: the total daily food intake, or the used in the context of a healthful diet, artificial sweeteners are generally safe types of foods eaten for consumption. see also Generally Recognized as Safe; Inborn Er rors of Metabolism; Phenylketonuria.

Kyle Shadix

Bibliography

American Dietetic Association (1998). "Position of the American Dietetic Association: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweeteners." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 98:580-587.

Drewnoski, A. (1995). "Intense Sweeteners and Control of Appetite." Nutrition Review 53:1-7.

Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (1993-2003). "Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants." Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.

Nabors, Lyn (2001). Alternative Sweeteners, 3rd edition. New York: Marcel Dekker.

Stegink, Lewis, and Filer, L. (1984). Aspartame: Physiology and Biochemistry. New York: Marcel Dekker.

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