Are Species Real

Up until now, I have used the word "species" in its traditional sense (the way neo-darwinists have defined it for decades). The traditional definition of "species" connotes organisms which can breed together. There are major problems with the definition of the word "species." Pleomorphic organisms and all animals and plants which reproduce asexually fall out of the species categorization. This presents an enormous population of living things on Earth and an enormous problem for neo-darwinists. How do we classify such organisms? Another problem with this definition is that extinct populations of fossils do not breed, so we do not know whether they could breed together and do in fact represent one or more species. This also can never be tested. And what of living populations that are genetically identical but cannot breed together, such as varieties of the fruit fly? And what of the offspring of a horse and a donkey (a mule) which is fertile, even though most are not? A bull can be crossed with a bison to produce fertile offspring, and this also violates the definition.

Even defining a species by chromosomal similarities may prove impossible. Italian researchers have discovered a strain of mice with only 16 chromosomes instead of 20. But Silvia Garagna, a zoologist from the University of Pavia involved in research, has stated: "We have not found a new species. We have just found a new chromosomal race within the mouse species." (See The San Diego Union Tribune, "Of Mice And Scientists...", Section E-1, December 17, 1996.)

When the definition of "species" is thrown up to the wind, then statements such as "all the species of the Galapagos finch have evolved from common ancestors" loses any value.

Claims of new species forming within the present day continue to be asserted by neo-darwinists. In all of the examples they offer, however, what we actually find are two types of situations.

The first type involves blurring the definition of what they have defined a species as and replacing it with a definition so poorly defined that any sub-species variation can be claimed as "speciation." The Galapagos finches are an excellent example of sub-species variations claimed to be different species. Jonathan Weiner, in his Pulitzer-prize winning book The Beak of The Finch, describes researchers Peter and Rosemary Grant's observations that different finch "species" do breed together and produce fertile offspring.

The second type involves chance mutations where the chromosomes suddenly double (as in plants), or change in some other way, but these mutations have never been shown to reproduce themselves into a new species.

The fact that a "species" cannot be precisely defined disassembles the entire darwinian classification system which relies on categorization.

The Enzymes Effect

The Enzymes Effect

Enzymes which are usually proteins help to begin, aid in and accelerate every chemical reaction in the human body. Enzymes are the bodys main workforce, much like a construction company building a skyscraper.

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