Female Athlete Triad Update

Katherine A. Beals, PhD, RDa*, Nanna L. Meyer, PhD, RDab aDivision of Nutrition, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA

bThe Orthopedic Specialty Hospital (TOSH Sport Science), 5848 South 280 East, Murray, UT 84107-6121, USA

The passage of Title IX legislation in 1972 provided enormous opportunities for women to reap the benefits of sports participation. For most female athletes, sports participation is a positive experience, providing improved physical fitness, enhanced self-esteem, and better physical and mental health [1]. Nonetheless, for a few female athletes, the desire for athletic success combined with the pressure to achieve a prescribed body weight may lead to the development of a triad of medical disorders including disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and low bone mineral density (BMD)—known collectively as the female athlete triad [1,2]. Alone or in combination, the disorders of the triad can have a negative impact on health and impair athletic performance.

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100 Health Tips

100 Health Tips

Breakfast is the most vital meal. It should not be missed in order to refuel your body from functional metabolic changes during long hours of sleep. It is best to include carbohydrates, fats and proteins for an ideal nutrition such as combinations of fresh fruits, bread toast and breakfast cereals with milk. Learn even more tips like these within this health tips guide.

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