When Would Carnitine Supplementation Be Effective

When interpreting studies on carnitine, it is important to remember to focus on the changes that occur within the muscle because that is the major reservoir for carnitine. This will govern whether it is appropriate to supplement and how effective supplementation will be. The majority of research shows that carnitine is typically only effective during a primary or secondary carnitine deficiency when the body cannot maintain adequate levels of the metabolite,16-24 although it is important to recognize that there are conflicting results regarding performance, specifically when examining the difference between exercise intensities.

The remainder of this chapter will focus on the exercise- and performance-related literature that has been completed. This body of literature will examine the possible role of carnitine as an ergogenic aid.

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