Contents

  1. 1 Introduction 222
  2. 1.1 Endogenous Production 222
  3. 1.2 Fate 223
  4. 1.3 Absorption 224
  5. 1.4 Dietary and Supplemental Sources 224
  6. 1.5 Mechanism of Action 224
  7. 2 Applications 225
  8. 2.1 Resistance Training 226
  9. 2.1.1 Increases Strength and Muscle Mass 226
  10. 2.1.2 Effect of Gender and Training Status 226
  11. 2.1.3 Benefit to Older Adults 229
  12. 2.1.4 HMB Compared to Other Nutritional Supplements 230
  13. 2.1.5 Combination of HMB and Creatine 230
  14. 2.2 Endurance 231
  15. 2.3 Muscle Damage 231
  16. 2.4 Reversing Unwanted Muscle Loss (Nonexercise) 232
  17. 2.5 Wound Healing 233
  18. 3 Safety 233
  19. 3.1 Safety at Recommended Dosages 234
  20. 3.1.1 Adverse Events 234
  21. 3.1.2 Blood Chemistry and Hematology 234
  22. 3.1.3 Blood Lipids 234
  23. 3.1.4 Blood Pressure 235
  24. 3.1.5 Emotional Profile 235
  25. 3.2 Safety at Higher Dosages 235
  26. 4 Recommendations 236
  27. 4.1 Well-Trained Athletes 236
  28. 4.2 Casual Athlete and Fitness Enthusiast 236
  29. 4.3 Active Lifestyle 236
  30. 5 Future Research 237
  31. 6 Summary 237

References 238

Weight Loss New Years Resolution Success

Weight Loss New Years Resolution Success

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