Vegetarian Multivitamin Mineral Supplements

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Multivitamin-mineral supplements marketed to vegetarians differ widely in nutrient content. Some contain herbs, amino acids, bioflavonoids, fiber, DHA, and other substances.

Table 15.5

Levels of Selected Nutrients in Several Brands of Vegetarian Prenatal Supplements

Table 15.5

Levels of Selected Nutrients in Several Brands of Vegetarian Prenatal Supplements

Other nutrients at

Serving

Vitamin

Folate

Vitamin

Vitamin

Calcium

Iron

Iodine

Zinc

levels >100% of

Supplementn

size

D (meg) (meg) Bfi(mg) Bn(mcg)

(mg)

(mg) (meg) (mg)

pregnancy DRI

Comments

Country Life Maxi 6 caps

5

1,000

100

40

800

18

225

15

C, E, Thia, Ribo,

Also contains DHA, ginger,

PreNatal (a)

Nia, Bio, Pan, Mg, Mn, Cr

bioflavonoids, and other substances

Freeda Daily

1 tab

10

800

3

10

200

27

-

15

C, Thia, Ribo, Nia,

Prenatal (b)

Bio, Pan, Cu

Freeda KPN

3 tabs

10

800

3

6

1,000

27

-

22.5

C, Nia, Pan

Prenatal (b)

MegaFood Baby

6 tabs

10

800

10

50

200

18

150

15

C, E, Thia, Ribo,

Also contains bioflavonoids,

& Me Daily-

Nia, Bio, Pan,

inositol, alfalfa, and other

Foods (c)

Mn, Cr

substances

Perfect

3 tabs

10

800

2

6

30

18

150

7.5

E, Thia, Ribo, Nia,

Also contains mixed carot-

Prenatal (d)

Bio, Pan

enoids, herbal extracts, sprouted seeds, soy, and other substances

Solgar Prenatal

4 tabs

10

800

2.5

8

1,300

27

150

15

C, E, Thia, Ribo,

Also contains inositol, soy

Nutrients (e)

Nia, Bio, Pan, Mg, Cu

protein, carotenoid mix, and other substances

SuperNutrition

6 tabs

25

1,000

110

200

1,200

40

150

30

C, E, Thia, Ribo,

Also contains bioflavonoids,

PreNatal

Nia, Bio, Pan,

Fiber, taurine, and other

Blend (f)

Mg, Se, Cu, Mn, Cr, Mo

substances

DRI, pregnancy,

5

600

1.9

2.6

1,000

27

220

11

19-50 years

Thia thiamin, Ribo riboflavin, Nia niacin, Pan pantothenic acid, Bio biotin, Mg magnesium, Se selenium, Cu copper, Mn manganese, Cr chromium, Mo molybdenum All supplements were identified on the product label or website as being vegetarian. Some may contain dairy or other substances unacceptable to some vegetarians. Product formulations frequently change so it is important to update the information in this table regularly

"Source of product information: (a) www.country-life.com; (b) www.freedavitamins.com; (c) www.megafoodonline.com; (d) www.newchapter.info; (e) www.solgar.com; (f) www.supernutritionusa.com

Thia thiamin, Ribo riboflavin, Nia niacin, Pan pantothenic acid, Bio biotin, Mg magnesium, Se selenium, Cu copper, Mn manganese, Cr chromium, Mo molybdenum All supplements were identified on the product label or website as being vegetarian. Some may contain dairy or other substances unacceptable to some vegetarians. Product formulations frequently change so it is important to update the information in this table regularly

"Source of product information: (a) www.country-life.com; (b) www.freedavitamins.com; (c) www.megafoodonline.com; (d) www.newchapter.info; (e) www.solgar.com; (f) www.supernutritionusa.com

Some provide large amounts of vitamins, especially thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 that are much higher than Dietary Reference Intakes.

Other prenatal supplements contain no iodine or are low in calcium, two nutrients that may be low in diets of some vegetarians. If dietary calcium is low and a woman's prenatal supplement is also low in calcium, then a calcium supplement is indicated. Calcium supplements can interfere with iron and zinc absorption, so are best used between meals.

Table 15.5 compares several brands of vegetarian prenatal supplements. Individual assessment is needed when determining whether or not a supplement is needed and the amount and type of supplementation. Since supplement content and availability may vary, clients should be encouraged to bring in their supplement label and practitioners should be aware of commonly used products.

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