Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

There is considerable controversy over the screening and diagnosis of GDM. The American Diabetes Association recommends assessing all pregnant women for risk of GDM at their first prenatal visit. Risk factors for diabetes are categorized as low, average, and high [3]. Women in the low risk category must meet all of the following criteria and require. No further screening:

  • Less than 25 years of age
  • Normal BMI
  • No first-degree family history of diabetes
  • No history of glucose intolerance
  • No history of poor perinatal outcome
  • Not a member of a group with a high prevalence of diabetes, which includes those of African, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, or Native American descent

Women at high risk must meet one or more of the following criteria:

  • Obese
  • Previous history of GDM
  • Glycosuria
  • Strong family history of diabetes
  • Member of an ethnic group with a high prevalence of diabetes (see above)

High-risk women are screened at their first prenatal visit. The test is repeated between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation if the initial screen was normal.

Women at average risk are those not at low or high risk. They are screened for GDM at 24-28 weeks of gestation.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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