Effect of the nutrition transition on pregnancy

Although the nutrition transition in Chile has affected people of all areas of society, the strongest affect has been in women, who show a higher prevalence of obesity and of sedentary behavior than men. Figure 20.3 shows changes in the incidence of underweight and overweight in pregnant women in Chile since 1990. As the graph shows, there is an almost perfect inverse correlation between both conditions, the prevalence of obesity reaching 32.2% in 2004 [11]. The fact is that women are arriving at pregnancy with a heavier weight than in the past, a characteristic that can also be seen in developed countries.

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