Nutrition assessment and counseling are critical components of the care plan for HIV-infected pregnant women. The compounding effects of pregnancy and HIV-infection place HIV-infected pregnant women at greater nutritional risk. Adequate weight gain and nutrient intake and symptom management are especially challenging for this population. Intervention in terms of care for HIV-infected pregnant women tends to be directed towards pregnancy outcomes and fetal health, more so than to maternal health and maternal morbidity and mortality. Given the growing population of HIV-infected women of childbearing age, there is a need for more research to determine the best nutrition and medical care plans for promoting both maternal and fetal health.

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