Conclusion

Iron deficiency and anemia continue to be major public health challenges in many parts of the world. Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the potential consequences and a range of strategies is available to address this complex

Table 22.6

Prevention and Control of Parasitic Infections

Bed nets (impregnated with insecticide)

Vector control (i.e., use of insecticides)

Routine antihelminthic treatment using chemotherapeutic drugs

Prevention and treatment of malaria

Improved sanitation (i.e., proper latrines)

Access to clean water

Improved hygiene (i.e., hand washing, bathing in clean water) Health education Specifically for children: Breastfeeding

Appropriate introduction of solid foods (timing, sanitation)

problem. While several research questions remain to be answered, there is clearly a need for mobilizing populations and policy makers to address this problem in many developing countries. The successful experiences with programs, such as fortification of staples, need to be translated and adapted to different settings. Resources that will not only improve infrastructure, but also the capacity to monitor ongoing efforts in the prevention and control of anemia and iron deficiency, are needed. This will require the efforts of not only the public health community but also the commitment of other stakeholders, such as industry, policy makers, and civic society.

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