Maternal risks for gestational diabetes include hypertension, higher rates of caesarean sections and preterm deliveries [3, 58]. Congenital anomalies are rare in gestational diabetes. The exception would be the woman diagnosed with gestational diabetes early in the first trimester and in poor blood glucose control. Macrosomia is the most common complication in gestational diabetes. Other complications include neonatal hypoglyc-emia, neonatal hypocalcemia, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and polycythemia. The risk for respiratory distress syndrome decreases if delivery occurs at term.
Was this article helpful?