Bakery meal

Other Names: Cookie meal, bread meal Nutritional Characteristics:

Bakery meal is a by-product from a range of food processing industries. In order to ensure consistent composition, individual products must be blended or the supplier large enough to provide adequate quantities from a single manufacturing process. The most common by-products come from bread and pasta manufacture, as well as cookies and snack foods. By-products from snack foods can be quite high in salt and fat. Bakery meal is often derived from pre-cooked products and so digestibility is often higher than for the original starch components.

Fillers are sometimes used to improve flow characteristics of high-fat bakery meals. The most-common fillers are soybean hulls and limestone which influence nutritive value accordingly. The metabolizable energy value of bakery meal can be described as:

4000- (100x% fiber + 25 x % ash) kcal/kg with 4% fiber and 3% ash, ME becomes 3525 kcal/kg

Potential Problems:

Quality control programs must ensure consistent levels of sodium, fiber and ash.

Pregnancy Diet Plan

Pregnancy Diet Plan

The first trimester is very important for the mother and the baby. For most women it is common to find out about their pregnancy after they have missed their menstrual cycle. Since, not all women note their menstrual cycle and dates of intercourse, it may cause slight confusion about the exact date of conception. That is why most women find out that they are pregnant only after one month of pregnancy.

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