Carotenoids

Carotenoids are widespread in oilseeds and particularly in all organisms that are exposed to light. In oilseeds, 6-carotene and other carotenoids are present in small amounts. However, these compounds are largely removed or decomposed during processing. Palm oil contains the highest content of carotenoids at a 500-700 ppm level (Goh et al., 1985). The beneficial health effects of carotenoids are attributed to their anticarcinogenic activity. Furthermore, the role of carotenoids as scavengers of singlet oxygen deserves attention. In this relation, carotenoids serve as the best suppressant in erythropietic protoporphyria, which results from the action of sunlight on individuals suffering from this condition.

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