Contents

About the Author ix

Preface x

1 The Very Basics of Humans and the World

We Inhabit 1

2 How Our Body Works 18

3 The Nature of Food 49

4 Carbohydrates Are Our Most Basic Fuel Source 66

5 Fats and Cholesterol Are Not All Bad 96

6 Proteins Are the Basis of Our Structure and Function 124

7 Water is the Basis of Our Body 145

8 Energy Metabolism, Body Weight and

Composition, and Weight 155

9 Vitamins Are Vital Molecules in Food 191

10 The Minerals of Our Body 233

11 Exercise and Sports Nutrition 274

12 Nutrition Throughout Life 307

viii Contents

13 Nutrition, Heart Disease, and Cancer 334

Appendix A: Periodic Table of Elements 365

Index 367

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