Acknowledgments

The authors extend special thanks to Catherine Vanstone for her invaluable contribution to research-ing and writing this chapter. The graphic art work of Helen Rimmer is also gratefully acknowledged. Finally, appreciation is extended to Fady Ntanios and Andrea Papamandjaris, who offered suggestions on improving the quality and composition of the chapter.

Abbreviations: BS—bile salt; CH—cholesterol; CE—cholesterol ester; DG—diglyceride; EFA—essential fatty acid; EFAD—essential fatty acid deficiency; FA—fatty acid; HDL—high-density lipoprotein; IDL—intermediate density lipoprotein; LCFA—long-chain fatty acid; LDL—low-density lipoprotein; MCFA—medium-chain fatty acid; MCT—medium-chain triglyceride; MG—monoglyceride; MUFA—monounsaturated fatty acid; PAF—platelet-activating factor; PL—phospholipids; PUFA—polyunsaturated fatty acid; PG—prostaglandin; PGHS—prostaglandin synthase; SAFA—saturated fatty acid; SCFA—short-chain fatty acid; TG—triglyceride; VLCFA—very long-chain fatty acid; VLDL—very low-density lipoprotein.

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SELECTED READINGS

Crawford MA, Costeloe K, Doyle W, et al. Essential fatty acids in early development. In: Bracco U, Deckelbaum RJ, eds. Polyunsaturated fatty acids in human nutrition. New York: Raven Press, 1992;93-110.

Groff JL, Gropper SS, Hunt SM. Advanced nutrition and human metabolism. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: West Publishing, 1995.

Grundy SM. Dietary fat. In: Ziegler EE, Filer LJ, eds. Present knowledge in nutrition. 7th ed. Washington, DC: ILSI Press, 1996;44-57.

Innis SM. Essential dietary lipids. In: Ziegler EE, Filer LJ, eds. Present knowledge in nutrition. 7th ed. Washington, DC: ILSI Press, 1996;58-66.

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