Micronutrients Diabetes

Nutrient

Suggested daily dose

Comments

To enhance the action of insulin and help control blood glucose

Vitamin E

Chromium

Vitamin C

800 mg. Begin with 100 mg/day and gradually increase dose

200-1000 |g chromium

1-2 g; can be taken as complex with bioflavonoids

Can enhance insulin sensitivity and reduce needs for oral hypoglycemics and/or insulin.5-7 Reduces platelet aggregation and risk of thrombosis

As a component of GTF, helps control blood glucose and decrease need for insulin or hypoglycemic drugs.1-3 Can be taken together with 5-10 g brewer's yeast

Can help regulate blood glucose, strengthen small blood vessels, and reduce risk of early heart disease8-10

To prevent mineral deficiencies that impair glucose tolerance

Magnesium

Multimineral supplement

400-600 mg

Balanced formula containing at least 15 mg zinc

Magnesium deficiency is common in diabetes. Supplements may help control blood glucose and protect against cardiovascular disease11 Helps replenish urinary losses

To treat diabetic neuropathy

Omega-6 fatty acids GLAas 1-4 g evening primrose Beneficial in treating neuropathy1

Myo-inositol Vitamin B complex oil

High potency supplement containing at least 50 mg thiamin and vitamin B6

Beneficial in treating neuropathy13 Neuropathic symptoms may respond to supplemental thiamin and vitamin B614

To help control newly-diagnosed type 1 diabetes Niacinamide 1-3 g; begin with 500 mg/day and increase gradually

Supplements in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes can reduce insulin requirements and extend the time before beginning insulin.15 Avoid nicotinic acid, anotherform of niacin, which can be harmful in diabetics

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