Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by inadequate secretion of, or peripheral resistance to, insulin. It is characterized by hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. Diabetes, when poorly controlled, causes widespread damage to blood vessels and nerves, which can result in blindness, kidney failure, or heart attack.
There are two main forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes appears suddenly in childhood and is caused by autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta cells and loss of insulin production. Type 2 diabetes appears gradually in older people and is characterized by loss of insulin sensitivity - that is, cells no longer respond to signals from insulin. More than 90% of diabetic patients have type 2 diabetes.
Was this article helpful?
All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.