Hypoglycemia

Oversecretion of insulin in response to meals produces a disorder termed reactive hypo-glycemia. In reactive hypoglycemia meals rich in simple sugars and refined carbohydrates stimulate a large insulin response the insulin then pushes down blood glucose to below normal levels.16 Symptoms most often occur mid-morning and mid-to-late-after noon, usually 2-4 hours after eating a carbohydrate-rich meal. Because the brain depends on a steady supply of glucose, hypoglycemia impairs mentation,...

Micronutrients Alcohol

Antioxidant supplement (containing vitamins A, C, E, and zinc and selenium) GLA Carnitine Niacinamide Vitamin B complex (See pp. 115 for antioxidant nutrients and suggested doses) Complete formula containing at least 25 mg vitamins B1, B2, B3, and B6, 0.4-0.8 mg folic acid, and 25 ig vitamin B12 Alcohol can cause widespread cell damage and fat peroxidation in the liver.8 Supplements may help protect against oxidative damage. Vitamin C may help detoxify alcohol9 May help reduce damage to the...

Micronutrients Anxiety

Tryptophan can increase levels of serotonin, a brain neurotransmitter that has a calming effect.3 Should betaken together with 50 mg vitamin B6 May decrease anxiety and nervous tension.4 Medications, illness, and stress can deplete magnesium stores and produce agitation and irritability transmitters.3 5 In turn, depression can then aggravate nutrient deficiencies by causing lack of appetite. Food sensitivities can interfere with brain chemistry and alter mood. People with mood swings, which...

Micronutrients Psoriasis

As fish-oil capsules, 1.0-1.5 g EPA plus DHA As 1-4 g evening primrose oil 200 ig selenium, 50 mg zinc 8000 ig vitamin A plus 20 ig vitamin D Can reduce proliferation and inflammation.12 Skin salves containing EPA can also be applied to patches. Take with at least 100 mg vitamin E Can reduce skin cell proliferation and inflammation. Take with at least 100 mg vitamin E Psoriasis is often linked with low blood levels of selenium. Zinc and selenium supplements can reduce skin inflammation,...

Energy Sources Carbohydrate and

Energy needs for exercise vary considerably depending on the intensity and duration of the activity and on the size of the individual.1 The more strenuous the exercise and the higher the body weight, the more energy is required. For example, the average 60-kg man running at a moderate pace (14.5 km hr) will expend about 750 kcal hr, whereas a 90-kg man, running for the same time period, would burn over 1200 kcal. Both fat and carbohydrate are oxidized to provide energy during exercise. Whether...

Micronutrients Constipation

Pulls water into the colon and softens stools. Start with 250 mg and increase gradually until constipation improves. Take as single dose on arising in the morning Deficiency can aggravate constipation High-dose calcium supplements (more than 2 g day) may worsen constipation. Chronic use of laxatives should be avoided. Most interfere with normal colonic function and reduce absorption of nutrients. They can also precipitate development of irritable bowel syndrome.

Micronutrients Migraine

Low levels of magnesium in the body may increase risk of blood vessel constriction and spasm.3,4 Particularly effective in women who have migraines associated with the menstrual period or during pregnancy May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines5 May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines6 May reduce frequency and intensity of migraines6 Cumulative methacholine dose (total dose 64 units) Fig. 5.23 Magnesium prophylaxis against migraine headache. 43 adults with chronic migraines...

Mechanism of Action

How can micronutrients help prevent and treat disease The first way is the elimination of a chronic deficiency. If the diet is low in an essential nutrient, body reserves become depleted. If the deficiency is severe, clear symptoms develop quickly over a period of weeks. For example, if vitamin C intake falls sharply, scurvy develops after several weeks. Gums begin to bleed, the skin becomes hyperkera-totic, rough, and dry, and capillary hemorrhages appear in the skin.9 In contrast, marginal...