Other protective nonnutrients in foods

Some non-nutrient compounds present in plant foods have potentially protective effects other than as antioxidants. The actions of these compounds include:

  • inhibition of cholesterol synthesis or absorption, which is potentially beneficial with respect to atherosclerosis;
  • decreased metabolic activation and/or increased conjugation and excretion of potentially carcinogenic compounds;
  • anti-oestrogenic actions that may be beneficial with respect to hormone-dependent cancer of the breast and uterus.

Collectively, these potentially protective non-nutrients in plant foods are known as phytochemicals or phytoceuticals. They are not classified as nutrients because they do not have a clear function in the body, and deficiency does not lead to any specific lesions. Nevertheless, they are important in the diet, and provide a sound basis for increasing intake of fruits and vegetables, quite apart from the beneficial effects of increased intake of non-starch polysaccharides, vitamins and minerals and reduced intake of fat (and especially saturated fat).

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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