Natural Menopause Relief Secrets

From PMS To PPD

From PMS To PPD

The Stages Of A Woman’s Life Are No Longer A Mystery. Get Instant Access To Valuable Information On All The Phases Of The Female Body From Menstruation To Menopause And Everything In Between.

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Natural Cures For The Menopause

Deal With Your Symptoms Without Drugs Or Hormones! Stop Upsetting Yourself And Others With Your Moods And Feel Better Within Days! The prevalence of premature menopause (early menopause) in this society and why even women as young as twenty can experience it. Climacteric periods which are the very last periods you have before your reproductive cycle is ended for good. How the onset of menopause affects your hormones. The symptoms of premenopause. Why menopause just does not occur overnight. The symptoms of perimenopause which indicates that the start of menopause is imminent sometime in the near future. The difference between premenopause and perimenopause. How to deal with the consequences of follicle stimulating hormones that take place during perimenopause. The definition of postmenopause and how many months you should be without your period before your are defined as being in that state. How to deal with the constant fluctuations in hormone levels. Why you have less health risks once you enter postmenopause. Why your symptoms of menopause are more difficult if you have had your ovaries removed

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Menopausal Symptoms Nutrition and Lifestyle Strategies

Menopause sets the stage for two conditions osteoporosis and heart disease. Many women deal with uncomfortable menopausal symptoms, too. Instead of hormone therapy, nutrition and lifestyle strategies may help. If you're approaching or experiencing menopause, talk with your healthcare provider about the best approach for you. Nonhormonal medications may be prescribed. Follow a safe, effective strategy for reaching and keeping your healthy weight after pregnancy, menopause, or at any other time of life see chapter 2.

Im approaching menopause

Bone that occurs when women reach menopause and their production of the female hormone estrogen declines. They may also need extra vitamin D to enable their bodies to absorb and use the calcium. Gender Bias Alert No similar studies are available for older men. But adding vitamin D supplements to calcium supplements increases bone density in older people. The current RDA for vitamin D is set at 5 micrograms 200 IU for all adults, but the new AI (Adequate Intake) for vitamin D is 10 micrograms 400 IU for people ages 51 to 70 and 15 micrograms 600 IU or more for people 71 and older. Some researchers suggest that even these amounts may be too low to guarantee maximum calcium absorption.

Women Weight and Menopause

Women do not always gain weight during menopause. Yes, women aged 45 to 50 commonly get fatter and thicker around the middle as fat settles in and around the abdominal area. But these changes are due more to lack of exercise and a surplus of calories than to a reduction of hormones (Wing et al. 1991). (Young athletes with amenorrhea and reduced hormones do not get fat.) In a three-year study of more than 3,000 women (initial age 42 to 52 years), the average weight gain was 4.6 pounds (2.1 kg). The weight gain occurred in all women, regardless of their menopause status (Sternfeld et al. 2004). If weight gain is not caused by the hormonal shifts of menopause, what does cause it Let's explore a few of the culprits. Menopause occurs during a time when a woman's lifestyle becomes less active. If her children have grown up and left home, she may find herself sitting more in front of a TV or computer screen than running up and down stairs, carrying endless loads of laundry....

PMS and Menopause

Soy has garnered much attention in recent years as a dietary treatment for menopausal symptoms. Soy is a rich source of isoflavones, an estrogenlike substance found in plants. Some studies suggest that regularly eating moderate amounts of soy-based food products can help decrease menopausal symptoms however, other studies do not support the idea. More research is needed to gain a better understanding of the effects of soy on menopausal symptoms. During menopause, a woman's metabolism slows down and weight gain can occur. The accumulation of body fat around the abdomen also increases. Exercise and careful food choices can minimize both of these occurrences.

Soy and Menopause

The popularity of soy-based foods is also due to their potential for reducing the symptoms of menopause. In a study published in Obstetrics and Gynecology, researchers found that women who consumed 60 grams of isolated soy protein daily reported a reduction in moderate to severe hot flashes. Other studies have contradicted this finding, however, Japanese women, who typically have a soy-rich diet, do experience a lower incidence of most post-menopausal symptoms than women in Western countries, including hot flashes, hormone-related cancers, and osteoporosis.

Menopause

Menopause is the permanent cessation of the menstrual periods that occurs around age 50 in most women. As a woman moves into her late 40s, her body's estrogen production slows down, and she gradually stops ovulating. Symptoms of the menopause include hot flashes, headaches, fatigue, vaginal irritation, mood swings, and depression. These symptoms can range from mild to severe about one in five women seek medical attention for symptoms of the menopause. A major concern at the menopause is the loss of bone mineral (mainly calcium) from the skeleton due to the loss of estrogens.21 Up to 20 of the bone mineral density can be lost at menopause, which can sharply increase risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures. The loss of estrogen at menopause also causes LDL cholesterol levels in the blood to rise and levels of HDLcho-

Stages of Menopause

Women go through different phases of menopause, including peri-menopausal, menopausal, and postmenopausal periods. During the peri-menopausal period, the regular cyclical occurrence of menstruation is disrupted and menstruation becomes irregular. This phase may last anywhere from six months to a year. During the perimenopausal period, production of estrogen is reduced, and eventually stops. Menopause is defined as the cessation of the menstrual period. Women are described as postmenopausal when they have gone one year without a menstrual period.

Diet Menopause

Women going through menopause should increase intake of rich food sources of calcium, magnesium, and vitamins D and K to maintain integrity of the skeleton.23,24 In addition, high amounts of phosphorus (found in red meat, processed foods, and cola drinks) should also be avoided too much phosphorus in the diet accelerates loss of minerals from bones. Reducing sodium, caffeine, and protein intake can also help maintain body stores of calcium. To keep levels of blood fats in the healthy range, the saturated fat content of the diet should be reduced (by eating less meat, eggs, and whole-fat milk products).

How Does Metabolism Change as We Get Older

Researchers have also realized that levels of certain hormones may also decrease with age. We are all familiar with estrogen and menopause for women. Men too seem to experience reductions in testosterone as they age. In fact, physician-prescription testosterone for aging men has been called the hormone replacement therapy of the twenty-first century. Not every man's testosterone level decreases as they age, so the best thing to do is monitor the levels regularly. Also, adults of an even more advanced age tend to experience reduced digestive capabilities and decreased senses of taste, smell, and thirst all of which can certainly impact their nutritional status.

The Menopausal Transition

Menopause signals the end of child-bearing capacity, and is also associated with changes in susceptibility to various chronic diseases, including breast cancer, heart disease, and osteoporosis.66 Differences in age at menopause between vegetarian and omnivorous women, should they exist, could be associated with differences in chronic disease patterns between these groups. Furthermore, some women experience unpleasant symptoms during menopause (vasomotor symptoms such as night sweats and hot flushes, mood swings, insomnia, weight gain, headaches, and fatigue),67 and these symptoms have been observed to differ among women in different cultures.67,68 Whether dietary variables contribute to these differences in symptom experiences has not been clearly established, but there is speculation that they could.68-70 Some of these dietary differences may also exist between vegetarian and omnivorous women. Accordingly, after defining and describing the menopausal transition, available research on...

Summary And Conclusions

Almost no data are available to determine whether age at menopause differs between vegetarians and omnivores. This area requires additional study. 4. Soy phytoestrogens may reduce the frequency of menopausal hot flushes slightly in comparison to placebo, but do not appear to affect the severity of other menopausal symptoms.

Breast Cancer Do Food Choices Make a Difference

All women are vulnerable to breast cancer-eventually. What's your risk Among the probable risk factors family history of breast cancer, early menstruation, late menopause (after age fifty-five), older-age pregnancy of a first child, some forms of benign breast disease, obesity after menopause, ovarian and endometrial cancer, exposure to ionizing radiation, and simply getting older. Are you a pear or an apple The place where extra pounds of body fat settle on your body may make a difference. Early research suggests that women who carry excess body fat around the abdomen (apple shape) may have an increased breast cancer risk. After menopause, more excess weight accumulates there. After menopause, weight gain is linked with increased cancer risk, perhaps related to estrogens formed in the body's fat tissues. Being physically active helps you keep your healthy weight, so move more, too If you are considering hormone therapy, weigh the benefits and the risks. Although it may reduce...

Treatments and Remedies Benefits and Disadvantages of Each

Scientific investigations have shown that physical activity, including aerobic and muscular strengthening exercises, not only prevent bone mineral loss, they also help alleviate many menopausal symptoms, including the increased percentage of body fat, abdominal-fat storage, hot flashes, fatigue, and sleep disturbances. Hormone replacement pills are used by some women to reduce the symptoms of menopause. According to the Women's Health Initiative, women who use a combination of estrogen and the synthetic hormone progestin increase their risk of developing breast cancer and heart disease. Stephen Chernin Getty Images. Reproduced by permission. Hormone replacement pills are used by some women to reduce the symptoms of menopause. According to the Women's Health Initiative, women who use a combination of estrogen and the synthetic hormone progestin increase their risk of developing breast cancer and heart disease. Stephen Chernin Getty Images. Reproduced by permission. after menopause. The...

Heart Disease A Womans Issue

As estrogen levels drop with menopause, women no longer have the same protection that estrogen gives from heart disease and high blood pressure. HDL levels drop triglyceride levels increase. That's true whether menopause is natural or surgical. As a result, women's heart-disease risks parallel those of men seven to ten years later in life Their death rate is higher, perhaps due to increased age or more risk factors. In fact, heart disease (not breast cancer) is the top killer and disabler of American women a woman is three times more likely to get cardiovascular disease than breast cancer. About two-thirds of women who die of heart disease had no previous symptoms.

Have You Ever Wondered

. . . if supplements are safe, effective treatments for menopause symptoms Even though they're natural, herbal and botanical supplements may not be safe or effective. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advises Wild or Mexican yam doesn't appear to reduce menopause symptoms, unless perhaps large amounts are consumed. Before you take supplements to reduce menopause symptoms, talk to your doctor. They may interfere with other medications you're taking. Refer to chapter23 for more about dietary supplements.

Physiological Changes

Menstrual cycles the build-up and sloughing off of the lining of the uterus in women commencing at puberty and proceeding until menopause menopause phase in a woman's life during which ovulation and menstruation end menopausal related to menopause, the period during which women cease to ovulate and menstruate Calcium loss from the bones is increased in the first five years after the onset of menopause, resulting in a loss of bone density. This bone loss then tapers off until about the age of seventy-five, when calcium loss accelerates again. This predisposes women to the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures. Some other transient but unpleasant symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, fatigue, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and memory loss.

Iron and Zinc Requirements

Iron is a necessary component of hemoglobin, the protein that transports oxygen from the lungs to the working muscles. If you are iron deficient, you are likely to fatigue easily upon exertion. The recommended iron intake for men is 8 milligrams, for women 18 milligrams until menopause, and for women thereafter 8 milligrams. This target iron intake is set high because only a small percentage is absorbed. See table 7.3 for the iron content of some foods. The best iron sources are animal products and fish the body absorbs far less iron from plant foods.

Have You Ever Wondered J

if you can get kidney stones by drinking milk That's a common myth. Research doesn't support this mis-perception. In fact, drinking milk may reduce the risk. A high-calcium diet may decrease the absorption of oxalate, a substance in some plant-based foods that can form calcium oxalate kidney stones. . . . if phytoestrogens in soybeans protect your bones Maybe, since they act much like mild estrogens in the body. After menopause, as natural estrogen declines, phytoestrogens in soy products may help prevent bone some loss. See What's 'Soy' Good in chapter 11. Alcohol and smoking can block calcium absorption. Smoking can speed bone loss for women, a lifelong habit of smoking a pack of cigarettes a day may lower bone density by menopause an extra 5 to 10 percent. If you smoke, consider the bone-healthy benefits of quitting. Among other factors, excessive alcohol intake may inhibit some bone remodeling, increase calcium excretion, and increase the chance of falling. If you drink alcoholic...

Effects of Neurotransmitters

Wurtman has reported that people are more alert when their brains are producing the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine, while serotonin production in the brain has been associated with a more calming, anxiety-reducing effect (and even drowsiness in some people). A stable brain serotonin level is associated with a positive mood state. It appears that women have a greater sensitivity than men to changes in this brain chemical. Mood swings during the menstrual cycle and menopause are thought to be caused by hormonal changes that influence the production of serotonin.

How Is Estrogen Involved in the Loss of Bone Mineral

A reduction in blood estrogen levels, as typical after menopause (postmenopausal), is directly associated with a decrease in bone density. Thus, estrogen is a principal factor in the development of osteoporosis. Researchers have reported that osteoblasts (bone makers) have receptors for the hormone estrogen, and estrogen also appears to decrease the activity of osteoclasts (bone destroyers). Despite these findings, the exact mechanisms for how estrogen protects women against excessive bone material losses is not clear. Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy has proven effective in slowing the rate of postmenopausal bone mineral loss in women however, there are other medical concerns and each women should understand these.

Dietary and Lifestyle Changes

Recommendations for dietary and lifestyle changes for women during menopause are a little different from that for women in general. Menopausal women need to eat less of foods that are high in iron. Because they are not menstruating, their requirement for iron is reduced, and is thus the same as for men, about 10 milligrams per day. This means that they need to cut down on red meat, organ meats such as liver and kidney, and other foods high in iron. If they are taking multivitamin and mineral supplements, ones with a low iron content are recommended. Water intake is emphasized in older women and men, since the thirst sensation becomes dulled as people age. Six to eight glasses of fluid per day are recommended for this age group. Water, fruit juices, other nonalcoholic beverages, and fresh fruits can help provide variety in fluid intake. In addition, an increased consumption of legumes (e.g., dried chick peas, varieties of beans, lentils, soy and soy products) is recommended to provide...

What Nutritional and Behavioral Factors Are Important in Preventing Osteoporosis

Smoking seems to exert a negative influence upon bone mineral content and the rate of bone mineral loss, especially in postmenopausal years. Smokers tend to have lower bone densities than nonsmokers. One reason for this occurrence is that smoking reduces blood estrogen levels. Smokers also seem to reach menopause at a younger age.

Female Athlete Triad

With lowered estrogen levels, the female athlete can experience bone loss similar to that seen in menopause. Unfortunately, the lost bone is never replaced. This has both short- and long-term consequences on bone health. The increased risk of bone damage, for example, can lead to stress fractures and osteoporosis. menopause phase in a woman's life during which ovulation and menstruation end

Biological Functions Of Gaba

More chloride channels in the tract of the cell membrane on the neuron axon, and increase the chloride penetration of the neuron membrane . Low GABA in plasma is reasonably specific to Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, alcoholism, depression, and menopause. 14 Therefore, GABA is an important inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain and CNS15 for being able to decrease the excitation of nerves . GABA-mediated neurotransmission regulates many physiological and psychological functions .

Estrogenlike Actions Of Soy Isoflavones In Models Of Human Chronic Disease

In terms of overall actions, it could be concluded that the soy isoflavones mimicked the effects of estrogen in protecting against the major chronic diseases that result from postmenopausal estrogen loss. These data added to the rationale for the hypothesis that dietary soy isoflavones might have neuroprotective actions in the primate model of menopause.

Resting Metabolic Rate And Changes In Body Composition

These data are applicable to masters athletes and may provide motivation for continued participation in sports. Women in particular are concerned with weight gain after menopause. Postmenopausal women have higher body fat levels and more central obesity than premenopausal women, but several investigations reveal that lifestyle, especially physical activity, is more responsible for alterations in body composition than hormone status 17 . Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey also indicated that women age 25 to 55 who met or exceeded the exercise guidelines to be moderately active 5 days a week or vigorously active for 3 days a week had lower body mass index, percent body fat, and waist-to-hip ratios than less active women 18 .

Developing nutritionallyenhanced cerealbased foods Current status

Opment of products containing pharmacologically active compounds. One group of compounds that has attracted interest is the phyto-oestrogens. These are plant compounds which bear a structural similarity to the female sex hormone oestra-diol and fall into three broad chemical categories isoflavones, coumestans and lignans. They are thought to have beneficial health effects with regard to cardiovascular disease, certain cancers and the menopause (Bingham et al, 1998). A number of baked products, for example breads containing soya, linseed and or flax and with high contents of phyto-oestrogens, have been released (Dalais et al, 1998 Payne, 2000). These have sometimes been referred to as 'Sheila' breads, reflecting their Australian origin.

The Potential Role Of Transforming Growth Factor Beta In The Mechanism Of Action Of Soy Isoflavones

The relevance of TGF-P to the question of identifying neuroprotective actions of soy was specifically suggested by experiments that showed that TGF-P was required for serotonin-mediated long-term facilitation of synaptic connections. These experiments suggested that TGF-P may play an essential role in brain development, as well as in adult learning and memory (Zhang et al., 1997). Though not generally considered in the context of estrogen-mimicking actions of the soy isoflavones, the potentially important role of TGF-P in neuronal functioning provided further rationale for examining whether dietary soy, which had been shown to have efficacy in a human disease involving mutations in TGF-P signaling, might have neuroprotective actions in a model of menopause.

Figure Websites With Reliable Nutrition Information

They cannot establish that a particular factor causes a disease. This type of observational study may compare factors found among people with a disease, such as cancer, with factors among a comparable group without that disease or may try to identify factors associated with diseases that develop over time within a population group. Researchers may find, for example, fewer cases of osteoporosis in women who take estrogen after menopause. A third type of research goes beyond using animals or observational data and uses humans as subjects. Clinical trials are studies that assign similar participants randomly to two groups. One group receives the experimental treatment the other does not. Neither the researchers nor the participants know who is in which group. For example, a clinical trial to test the effects of estrogen after menopause would randomly assign each participant to one of two groups. Both groups would take a pill, but for one group this would be a dummy pill, called a...

Using supplements as insurance

1 Before menopause Women, who lose iron each month through menstrual bleeding, rarely get sufficient amounts of iron from a typical American diet providing fewer than 2,000 calories a day. For them, and for women who are often on a diet to lose weight, iron supplements may be the only practical answer.

Studies in Seventh Day Adventists

Breast cancer was not strongly associated with intake of animal products in the mortality study. After taking into account age at menarche, age at first pregnancy, age at menopause, relative weight, and education, increasing consumption of meat, milk, cheese, and eggs was unrelated to fatal breast cancer risk.23

Antioxidantsyour Ace Against Oxygen Rebels

At one time flesh food was considered superior for its contribution of more easily absorbed iron than that which comes from plants. Now science has discovered there is a reason why it is not to our advantage to have stockpiles of iron in our bodies. Iron is sprinkled throughout the plant kingdom, but in a form which prevents an unnecessary buildup. Related to this was the speculation that the reason women had fewer heart attacks prior to menopause was due to estrogen protection. Now it is thought that the fact that women lose iron each month as part of the menstrual cycle may actually be the protective characteristic. Women do not typically have a problem with iron accumulation

What Are the Most Conventional Ways to Prevent Osteoporosis

The best defense against osteoporosis is a good offense. Some weight-bearing exercise and a diet (with supplementation) providing adequate protein, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, boron, zinc, vitamin C, copper, and iron in the years prior to peak bone mass will optimize bone density. Copper, iron, and vitamin C are important for making proper collagen. An early start and a continuation of these practices throughout adulthood in conjunction with regular medical checkups and a periodic X-ray will provide the most benefit. In fact, it seems that one of the most important times for the positive effects of activity on bone density is during the prepuberty years. Children should be encouraged to be involved in physical activities. Furthermore, women should discuss menopausal postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy with a physician. Do not smoke and encourage others to quit as well.

Descriptive Epidemiology

Breast cancer incidence has increased over the past 30 years in the U.S.6 This trend is thought to reflect increased diagnosis due to mammographic screening,7 and perhaps also to secular trends in the prevalence of obesity and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use by postmenopausal women.8 Over the same period, breast cancer mortality rates have declined, reflecting earlier breast cancer detection and treatment, and improvements in breast cancer therapies.9

Raw Evolutionary Diets Dont Work In Practice

there was a letter from Montrame which explained (their version) of the reasons and the course of events of Mrs. Burger's death. The letter explained that both Burgers acquired the habit of eating lots of meat during an experimental phase, after they and their friends discovered the beneficial effects of raw meats, particularly for people who suffered from cancers. After some time Mr. Burger developed one small cancer-like melanoma on his legs, which was removed by surgery. He stopped eating meat for some time, then. After some time, Mrs. Burger, who already was in menopause, did get her period again. The reason was cancer. But Mrs. Burger was addicted and couldn't break the habit of eating meat, she didn't believe in her husband's new theory that meat can also cause cancer. She ate it every day and after Orkos stopped delivering it to her, she ordered through other people.

Valerian Root Valeriana Officinalis

Use Three decades of extensive research have shown that valerian root is like a minor tranquilizer. It is known as a sleeping aid, and it might be useful for insomnia, mild anxiety and restlessness, lowering blood pressure, and reducing symptoms of menstruation and menopause. To date, it has not been proven to be habit-forming.

Measuring Nutrigenomic Factors

Hormone testing also is within the realm of nutrigenomics. Hormones orchestrate the genetic expression to conduct the dietary symphony to build either muscle or fat. Physical changes in aging have been considered related to sarcomere physiology but there is evidence that some of these changes are related to decline in hormonal activity.29 Lamberts points out in his article The Endocrinology of Aging, that Three hormonal systems show decreasing circulating hormone concentrations during normal aging (i) estrogen (in menopause) and testosterone (in andropause), (ii) dehydroepiandrosterone and its sulfate (in adrenopause), and (iii) the growth hormone insulin-like growth factor I axis (in somatopause). In certain circumstances hormones can be assayed noninvasively, by sampling saliva and urine.

The Reproductive Years

The time between menarche and menopause, during which reproduction is possible, spans a period of almost 40 years in women. Although the presence of menstrual bleeding is often equated with the ability to conceive, establishing a pregnancy actually depends on the presence of a normal ovarian cycle (i.e., a normal ovulatory menstrual cycle). If vegetarianism affected women's reproduction, it would necessarily affect the characteristics of the ovarian cycle. To provide background information for an examination of this issue, the normal ovarian cycle will be described, as will subclinical and clinical disturbances of the cycle and their potential impact on reproduction. This will be followed by a discussion of the effects of various dietary and non-dietary factors on cycle characteristics, and finally, by a review of the available literature assessing whether differences exist between vegetarians and non-vegetarians. The normal ovulatory cycle described above does not invariably occur...

Hormonelike compounds

To produce the same estrogenic effect as one molecule of estradiol. Every phytoestrogen molecule that hooks onto an estrogen receptor displaces a stronger estrogen molecule. As a result, researchers suggested that consuming isoflavone-rich foods such as soy products may provide post-menopausal women with the benefits of estrogen (stronger bones and relief from hot flashes) without the higher risk of reproductive cancers (of the breast, ovary, or uterus) associated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). The theory was supported by the fact that the incidence of breast and uterine cancer, heart disease, osteoporosis, and menopausal discomfort is lower in countries where soy a primary source of phytoestrogens is a significant part of the diet. 1 Demonstrate that isoflavone-rich foods have only modest effects on preserving bone and relieving hot flashes at menopause

Coronary Artery Disease CAD

Menopause phase in a woman's life during which ovulation and menstruation ends and one in five in the United States, dies from heart disease each year. In the United States, CAD has declined more rapidly in whites than in blacks. CAD affects women ten years later than men, mostly due to the protective production of estrogen. After menopause, a woman is two times more susceptible to heart disease than women who have not reached menopause.

Beef pork lamb and vealTotal fat grams

Research shows that a person's risk of developing heart disease and diabetes is greatly increased when fat is distributed above the waist, such as the abdomen area. Males tend to gain weight in the waist which places them at greater risk than females, who tend to gain weight below the waist. Sometimes this is called the apple or the pear referring to the shape of the body. The apple shape is not exclusively male. The hormonal changes of menopause tend to cause a shift of weight from the hips to the waist. In addition, women after the age of menopause are at increased risk of heart disease, like males. I am going through menopause. Is this preventing me from losing weight Humans tend to gain weight as they age. This is due to a number of factors including a changing set point, a change in muscle mass, a change in fat distribution and often a decrease in physical activity. Menopause generally occurs around the age of 50, which is the time when all of these factors come into play....

Osteoporosis

Aging bones tend to lose minerals and density, gradually becoming thinner and more fragile. In osteoporosis, loss of bone mineral has progressed to the point where fractures can occur with minimal or no trauma. Although both men and women can develop osteoporosis, it is much more common in older women. This is because loss of endogenous estrogens during menopause sharply accelerates bone loss. In severe cases, up to 20 of the mineral content of the skeleton can be lost in the 3-5 years of the menopause. Osteoporosis progresses silently, and often the first indication of its presence is a fracture of the hip or spine. Optimum nutrition can substantially reduce risk of osteoporosis.19

GABA and Depression

Depression is one of the most common conditions in the UK, affecting one in five people at some stage in their life . The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that by 2020 depression will be the biggest global health concern after chronic heart disease Depression occurs in children, adolescents, women in menopause, the elderly, or those with mental disorder, especially in menopause 27,28 The symptom of depression in menopause will cause mood obstacles about 10 years later 28,29 Murphy et al . 36 found that during the treatment process for menopause disorder by estrogen replacement (such as estradiol), expression of the GABA receptor, GAD of the hippocampus neuron, and synthesis of GABA decreased in the rat brain Even for alcoholism, the GABA content in plasma decreased and the symptoms of neurosis (anorexia, sense of pain) and mental disorder (depression, mania, anxiety) were significant 37 Therefore, supply of GABA and enhancement of activity of the GABA receptor improve...

Introduction

The purpose of this chapter is to assess the adequacy of vegetarian diets in maintaining normal reproductive function in women throughout their life-span. At the outset, this topic may appear simplistic vegetarian women, like omnivorous women, pass through puberty, some bear children, then pass through menopause. Yet, nutrition-related variables have the potential to exert either subtle or profound influences on reproductive capacity, and whether these differ between vegetarian and omnivorous women has received relatively little systematic study. For each segment of women's reproductive lives (the pubertal transition, the years between menarche and menopause, and the menopausal transition), the normal physiology and endocrinology will be briefly reviewed. The potential influence of various dietary factors will then be described, and this will be followed by a discussion of the available data comparing vegetarians and omnivores. It should be noted that references to reproductive...

Reproductive Factors

At the time of menopause, age-specific incidence rates of breast cancer slow markedly, and the rate of increase in the postmenopausal period is only about one sixth the rate of increase in the premenopausal period. In their study, Tri-chopolous and colleagues18 found that women who experienced natural menopause (defined as cessation of periods) before age 45 had only one half the breast cancer risk of those whose menopause occurred after age 55.

Homocysteine

Generally speaking, men tend to have higher homocysteine levels than women the same age. And in women, homocysteine levels often increase after menopause, which can lead to a heightened risk of cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, homocysteine increases with impaired metabolism of homocysteine by the kidney. For this reason, total homocysteine levels are much higher in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Niacin

Oestrogens reduce the rate of tryptophan metabolism, so where pellagra is common, twice as many women as men are affected. However, before puberty and after menopause there are no sex differences. It is generally believed that 1 NE is equivalent to 60 mg of tryptophan or 1 mg dietary niacin.

Female Bodybuilders

Olympics, have a problem with amenorrhea or a cessation of menstruation. This seems to occur even if the women are not taking steroids. Some of the women I train reported this problem when their percentage of body fat dropped below 10-12 percent of body weight. Ideally, their percentage of body fat should be above 15 percent to prevent amenorrhea, although this level differs with each woman and will change during different times in her life. Many female athletes have said that their menstrual cycle resumes normally after slowing down on training and raising their percentage of body fat however, this is not guaranteed. Because of this, I advise female bodybuilders to cut their training schedule and increase their percentage of body fat when they have missed their menstrual cycle for over two months. However, the problem must not be ignored. Amenorrhea and irregular menstruating cycles can also be caused by other factors, such as pituitary gland tumors, premature menopause, or an...

Osteoporosis Is

In the United States alone, .5 million bone fractures annually are attributed to this bone disease each year. About 0 million Americans over age fifty have osteoporosis about 34 million more have low bone mass, making them at higher risk for osteoporosis. Of those with osteoporosis, about 80 percent are women. In fact, by the time women go through menopause, nearly one in three has developed osteoporosis. Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. More people have osteoporosis than report it four times as many men and nearly three times as many women. Gender. If you're female, you're about four times more likely than males to develop osteoporosis ( ) On average, most women have less bone mass to start with and they lose it faster as they get older. (2) In young women, the hormone estrogen helps deposit calcium in bones. But as estrogen levels drop with menopause, bones are no longer protected. For the first five years after menopause, usually starting at age fifty, they lose...

Exogenous Hormones

More recently, Marchbanks et al.78 report null findings from the large Women's CARE study (Women's Contraceptive and Reproductive Experiences) that included more than 9000 subjects recruited in five U.S. sites. Although they found case subjects had significantly lower parity, older ages at first birth, higher reports of family history of breast cancer, later age at menopause, and less use of hormone replacement therapies, they found no significant association between current OC use (RR 1.0 95 CI 0.8 to 1.3) or former use (RR 0.9 95 CI 0.8

Smoking

A recent area of concern related to tobacco use has been nonsmokers' exposure to second-hand smoke. Parental smoking has been proven to contribute to increased rates of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in addition to chronic illnesses in children such as asthma, bronchitis, colds, and pneumonia. Pregnant women who chew tobacco, smoke, or are exposed to second-hand smoke have a higher risk of miscarriage and of giving birth to low birth weight babies, who are prone to infection. Women who smoke are more likely to be victims of primary and secondary infertility, to have delays in conceiving, and to have an increased risk of early menopause and low bone density (Current Issues and Forthcoming Events). Most women are unaware of these dangers. Not only can the expectant mother place her unborn fetus in danger, but she can also place herself at risk for future smok-ing-related diseases and early mortality.

Black Cohosh

Use Some women take this for PMS and menopausal symptoms, but nothing has been clinically verified in humans. (However, it is big in Europe.) It suppresses the leutinizing hormone and therefore helps control hormone surges that cause discomforting menopausal symptoms. Relieving physical symptoms can lead to improving the emotional symptoms. In other words, some women get entirely depressed because they feel so physically lousy. Improve the hot flushes, bloating, etc., and the depression can sometimes improve.

Dr Hyla Cass

The kind of progesterone I recommend is a natural progesterone, not the progesterone that's in the regular phamaceutical birth control pills or the hormones that are administered by prescription. It's a derivative from wild yams that's available in health food stores. It's also useful for menopausal symptoms.

Soy and Cancer

There has been much debate and disagreement about soy consumption and its role in breast cancer. Similar in chemical structure to estrogen, isoflavones are in fact, weak estrogens, and they may act as such in the body. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been shown to increase breast density, a factor in breast-cancer risk (as breast density increases, so does the risk for breast cancer), while recent soy studies have found that soy use in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women did not affect breast density.

Fat Foods

Flax seeds and flax seed oils should be a daily part of your diet. These products contain the heart-healthy omega 3 fats you keep hearing so much about. As mentioned, these oils have been shown to have benefits in disease reduction, improving intelligence, reducing depression, boosting metabolism and increasing muscle building. Heck, they've even been shown to reduce the symptoms of menopause in women. Flex those muscles with flax.

Legumes

Intense research over the past decade has shown that soybean has health-promoting properties and may be useful in lowering the risk of heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, menopausal symptoms, and other problems. Soy is now available in many different kinds of foods such as tofu, soy D. Help for Menopause and Bone Loss Soy products are being studied for their potential use as hormone replacement therapy during menopause. Japanese women who regularly consume soy products report less frequent and fewer hot flushes and other menopausal symptoms than American and European women who do not eat soy products. A 3-month clinical trial observed a beneficial effect of soy protein on the frequency of hot flushes in postmenopausal women.104 Italian researchers observed a significant decrease in the average number of hot flushes experienced by postmenopausal women taking 60 g of soy protein isolate daily for 12 weeks. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the women taking soy experienced a...