Hockey Training Programs
Moreover, Jones and collaborators67 reported that creatine (20 g day x 5 days 5 g day x 10 weeks) promoted greater gains in sprint performance (5 x 15 sec with 15-sec recovery) and average on-ice sprint performance (6 x 80 m sprints) in 16 elite ice hockey players. Interestingly, Jowko et al.68 reported that creatine supplementation (20 g day x 7 days 10 g day x 14 days) significantly increased FFM and cumulative strength gains during training in 40 subjects initiating training. Additional gains were observed when 3 g day of calcium beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) was co-ingested with creatine. Finally, Willoughby and Rosene19 reported that in comparison to controls, creatine supplementation (6 g day x 12 weeks) during resistance training (6 to 8 repetitions at 85 to 90 x 3 weeks) significantly increased total body mass, FFM, and thigh volume, 1 RM strength, myofibrillar protein content, types I, IIa, and IIx myosin heavy-chain (MHC) mRNA...
Even athletes competing in intermittent action sports such as soccer, ice hockey, and football can benefit from a sport drink. These sports are powered by muscle glycogen and a sport drink can improve performance in repeated sprinting efforts. Plus for sports such as ice hockey and football uniforms and gear can increase sweating and thus the need for fluid to maintain optimal hydration becomes more important.
The effects of disordered eating on an athlete's performance vary, but largely depend on the severity and chronicity of the disordered eating behaviors and the physiologic demands of the sport 18 . An athlete who engages in severe energy restriction or who has been bingeing and purging for a long time is likely to experience a greater decrease in performance than one who has engaged in milder weight control behaviors for a shorter time. Likewise, athletes involved in endurance sports and other physical activities with high energy demands (eg, distance running, swimming, cycling, basketball, field hockey, and ice hockey) are likely to be more negatively affected than athletes involved in sports with lower energy demands (eg, diving, gymnastics, weightlifting). The potential consequences of disordered eating on health and performance are presented in Table 3.
Hundreds of studies have shown that carbohydrates consumed during exercise delay fatigue in endurance athletes, but carbohydrates during exercise also are important for athletes in high-intensity stop-and-go sports such as soccer, ice hockey, tennis, basketball, baseball, and football, as well as in precision sports. Carbohydrate consumption during all sports can help ward off fatigue within muscles but also the mental fatigue that can be associated with sports requiring lots of concentration. Remember, the brain is the hungriest of all organs for glucose. In fact, the brain is twenty to thirty times more metabolically active than muscles, and unlike other tissues, the brain can utilize only glucose for fuel.
Scandinavian researchers in the 1960s were the first to demonstrate that the ability to exercise at a high intensity was related to the pre-exercise level of muscle glycogen.1 Body glycogen stores play an important role in intense exercise (70-85 of peak aerobic power) that is either prolonged and continuous (e.g., running, swimming, and cycling), or of an extended intermittent, mixed anaerobic-aerobic nature (e.g., soccer, basketball, ice hockey, or repeated exercise intervals). Endurance athletes have been urged to ingest plant sources of carbohydrates to optimize muscle and liver glycogen stores.1,34,35 At the high intensities necessary for athletic training and competition, the metabolism of body carbohydrate stores provides the major fuel for muscle contraction, and, when these reach low levels, fatigue occurs.34,35 About 500-800 grams of carbohydrate per day (or 8-10 g kg body weight or 60-70 of energy intake) have been recommended for athletes training intensively for more than...
Theoretically, if you start out with more glycogen you should be able to perform longer. A more common method of carbo-loading is explained next and would be most beneficial when an event is to last more than an hour. Carbo-loading would not be beneficial for shorter endurance efforts or sports involving only brief efforts (for example, power lifting, velodrome cycling, or most track and field events). However, intermittent sport athletes such as soccer, football, and field and ice hockey players might benefit however, the practice and game schedule would make carbo-loading unrealistic in some cases.
Studies on middle distance runners who perform interval training sessions or tempo runs, as well as studies performed on athletes involved in interval-type events (multiple sprint) such as soccer and ice hockey, show that the rate of glycogen breakdown in the most active muscle can be so high that its carbohydrate depletion can occur in less than 45 min. In one particular study it was observed that a 30 s sprint reduced the glycogen content in active muscles by 25 .
Ice Hockey The Game
Professional ice hockey players do not always find themselves on their home ground. With so many different competitions it is easy for a team to become involved in a variety of international competitions throughout the world.