Strengths and Weaknesses of Study

The current study has a number of strengths. Among them are (1) the prospective study design that eliminates the possibility of recall bias (2) adjustment for various known cardiovascular disease risk factors at baseline including serum total to HDL cholesterol ratio, obesity, hypertension, cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking, and other dietary nutrients, thus minimizing potential confounding effects (3) the virtually complete follow-up achieved (only 1 of cohort members were lost to...

Deaths from Acute Myocardial Infarction

One hundred thirteen cohort members died from acute MI during follow-up (63 per 100,000 person-years). Increasing levels of dietary fish and shellfish intake were statistically significantly associated with reduced risk of fatal MI (P for trend 0.04). Adjustment for known cardiovascular risk factors did not materially alter this inverse association (P for trend 0.03). Men who consumed > 200 g of fish and shellfish per week (> 4 servings per week) experienced 59 reductions in acute MI...

Klaus KA Witte and Andrew L Clark

Relationship Between Vit And Copper

Cardiovascular disease is the greatest cause of mortality in developed countries and diet plays an important role in contributing to the development and progression of ischemic heart disease IHD . The influences of general nutrition and micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals on the progression of IHD are poorly understood and recent studies have done little to clarify the situation. A micronutrient can be regarded as any essential dietary component present in trace amounts. Micronutrients...

Diet And Heart Failure

The incidence of chronic heart failure CHF , the common end-result of most cardiac diseases, is increasing steadily in many countries despite and probably because of considerable improvements in the acute and chronic treatment of CHD, which is currently the main cause of CHF in most countries.36 In recent years, most CHF research effort has focused on drug treatment, and little attention has been paid to nonpharmacological management. Some unidentified factors may indeed contribute to the rise...