Anthropometrics

Eat Stop Eat

Best Weight Loss Programs That Work

Get Instant Access

Anthropometrics uses body measurements to estimate body composition. Height and body weight are the easiest to measure. Their relationship in adults is close to linear. An early, simple formula, according to Broca was height (in cm) -100 = normal weight. Subtracting 10-15% from that normal weight resulted in the so-called "ideal" weight. These calculations are based on old, partially incorrect research figures and should no longer be used today. They suggest a very low weight as "ideal = healthy." The "health value" of such a lowest possible body weight is no longer accepted today. The Body Mass Index (BMI) provides a more accurate anthropometric measurement (A). It is calculated from body weight (kg) divided by the square of height (m2); hence the BMI unit is kg/ m2. The desirable BMI is also age-dependent:

Above 64: 24-29

an ultrasound device or through infrared spectroscopy. In everyday practice, however, measurement of skin fold thickness with precision calipers has proven valid. Among the four most commonly used skin folds, the fold above the triceps muscle is the most easily accessible and can be most reliably determined. Skin fold thickness measurement errors may result from nonhomogeneous fat distribution.

An additional measurement, waist-to-hip ratio (B), takes this into account. Waist circumference is measured while standing, between the lower edge of the lowest rib and the upper edge of the pelvis. The hip circumference is measured at the level of the greater trochant-ers. A ratio above 0.88 in women and above 1.0 in men indicates an android or abdominal fat distribution pattern, which is particularly closely associated with cardiovascular complications and other illnesses. If the ratio is low, the gynoid type prevails, with a lesser health risk. The waist-to-hip ratio is a particularly valuable tool for determining whether weight reduction is necessary in case of moderate overweight.

The BMI is the current standard for evaluating body weight since it correlates fairly well with total body fat and is rather independent of height. However, a man with a BMI of 27 kg/m2 may have a body fat content ranging from 10 to 31% of body weight. Not only fat, but muscle mass, extracellular water, and/ or bone mass may contribute to high body weight. For instance, athletes frequently have a rather high BMI without large fat deposits. To address this inaccuracy, subcutaneous fat is measured. Theoretically, this could be done with

1.60

Height in meters

120 55

118 54

116 53

114 52

112 51

110 50

108 49

106 48

104 47

102 47

100 46

98 45

96 44

94 43

92 42

90 41 88

86 39

84 38

82 37

80 37

78 36

76 35

74 34

72 33

70 32

68 31 66

64 29

62 28

60 27

58 26

56 26

54 25

52 24

50 23

48 22

53 52 51 52 52

51 50 48

50 49 48

51 49 48 47

50 48 47 46

49 48 46 45

48 47 46 44

47 46 45 44

46 45 44 43

45 44 43 42

44 43 42 41 44 42 41

39 39 38

48 47 46

47 46 45

46 45 44

46 45 43

45 44 43

44 43 42

43 42 41

42 41

42 41

39 38 37

39 38 37 36

38 37 36 35

37 36 35 35

36 35 35 34

36 35 34 33

35 34 33 32

34 33 32 31

33 32 31

30 30 29

30 29 29 28

29 29 28 27

28 28 27 26

28 27 26 25

27 26 25 25

26 25 24 24

25 24 24 23

24 23 23 22

23 23 22

22 22 21

21 21

21 21

20 20

38 37

38 38 37

38 37 36

37 36 35

36 35 34

35 34 34

34 34 33

34 33 32

33 32

32 31

30 29

30 29 28

29 28 27

28 27 27

27 27 26

26 26 25

26 25 24

25 24 24

24 23 23

23 23 22

22 22 21

22 21 21

21 20 20

20 20 19

19 19 18

45 44

44 43

43 42

42 41

39 38

38 37

37 36

36 36

36 35

35 34

34 33

33 33

33 32

32 31 31 30 29

29 28

28 28

28 27

27 26

26 25

25 25

25 24

24 23

23 22

22 22

22 21

21 20

20 20

19 19

19 18

18 17

43 42 42 41 41 40

39 38

39 38

39 38 37

38 37 36

38 37 37 36

38 37 36 35

37 36 35 34

36 35 34 34

35 35 34 33

35 34 33 32

34 33 32 32

33 33 32 31 31

33 32 32 31

39 38

38 37

37 37

37 36

36 35

36 35

35 34

34 33

34 33

33 32

32 32

32 31

30 30 29

30 29 28 28

29 28 28 27

28 28 27 26

28 27 26 26

27 26 26 25

26 26 25 24

26 25 24 24

25 24 24 23

24 24 23 22

23 23 22 22

23 22 22 21

22 21 21 20

21 21 20 20

21 20 20 19

20 19 19 18

19 19 18 18

18 18 18 17

18 17 17 17

17 17 16 16

30 29 29 28

28 28

28 27

27 27 26 26 26 25

25 25

25 24 24 23

23 23

23 22

22 21

21 21

18 18

17 17

17 16 16 16

15 15

37 36

36 36

36 35

35 34

35 34

34 33

33 33

33 32

30 29

29 28

28 28

28 27

27 27

27 26

26 25

25 25

25 24

24 24

23 23

23 22

22 22

22 21

21 21

20 20

20 19

19 19

19 18

18 18

17 17

17 16

16 16

15 15

15 14

35 35

35 34

34 34

34 33

33 32

32 32

29 29 29 28

28 28

28 27

27 27

27 26 26 25

25 25

25 24 24 24 24 23

23 23

22 22

22 21

21 21

18 18

18 17

17 17

17 16 16 16

15 15

15 14 14 14

34 33 33

33 33 32

33 32 31

32 32

32 31

31 30

29 29

29 29 28

29 28 28

28 28 27

28 27 27

27 27 26

27 26 25

26 25 25

25 25 24

25 24 24

24 24 23

24 23 23

23 23 22

23 22 22

22 22 21

22 21 21

21 20 20

20 20 20

20 19 19

19 19 18

19 18 18

18 18 17

18 17 17

17 17 16

16 16 16

16 16 15

15 15 15

15 14 14

14 14 14 14 13

32 31 31

30 30 29

0 29 29

0 29 29 28

29 29 28 28

29 28 28 27

28 28 27 27

28 27 27 26

27 27 26 26

27 26 26 25

26 26 25 25

26 25 24 24

25 24 24 24

24 24 23 23

24 23

23 23 23

22 22

22 21

21 21

23 23

22 22

22 22 22

21 21

21 21

20 20

21 20 20 20

20 20 19 19

20 19 19 19

19 19 18 18

19 18 18 18 18 17

15 15 15 15 14 14

13 13 13 12 12 12

Morbid obesity

Obesity

Overweight Normal weight Underweight

B. Waist-To-Hip Ratios in Women

Waist circumference in centimeters

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

50

1.00

1.10

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

55

0.91

1.00

1.09

1.18

1.27

1.36

1.45

1.55

1.64

1.73

1.82

1.91

2.00

2.09

2.18

2.27

2.36

2.45

2.55

2.64

2.73

60

0.83

0.92

1.00

1.08

1.17

1.25

1.33

1.42

1.50

1.58

1.67

1.75

1.83

1.92

2.00

2.08

2.17

2.25

2.33

2.42

2.50

65

0.77

0.85

0.92

1.00

1.08

1.15

1.23

1.31

1.38

1.46

1.54

1.62

1.69

1.77

1.85

1.92

2.00

2.08

2.15

2.23

2.31

70

0.71

0.79

0.86

0.93

1.00

1.07

1.14

1.21

1.29

1.36

1.43

1.50

1.57

1.64

1.71

1.79

1.86

1.93

2.00

2.07

2.14

75

0.67

0.73

0.80

0.87

0.93

1.00

1.07

1.13

1.20

1.27

1.33

1.40

1.47

1.53

1.60

1.67

1.73

1.80

1.87

1.93

2.00

80

0.63

0.69

0.75

0.81

0.88

0.94

1.00

1.06

1.13

1.19

1.25

1.31

1.38

1.44

1.50

1.56

1.63

1.69

1.75

1.81

1.88

85

0.59

0.65

0.71

0.76

0.82

0.88

0.94

1.00

1.06

1.12

1.18

1.24

1.29

1.35

1.41

1.47

1.53

1.59

1.65

1.71

1.76

90

0.56

0.61

0.67

0.72

0.78

0.83

0.89

0.94

1.00

1.06

1.11

1.17

1.22

1.28

1.33

1.39

1.44

1.50

1.56

1.61

1.67

95

0.53

0.58

0.63

0.68

0.74

0.79

0.84

0.89

0.95

1.00

1.05

1.11

1.16

1.21

1.26

1.32

1.37

1.42

1.47

1.53

1.58

100

0.50

0.55

0.60

0.65

0.70

0.75

0.80

0.85

0.90

0.95

1.00

1.05

1.10

1.15

1.20

1.25

1.30

1.35

1.40

1.45

1.50

105

0.48

0.52

0.57

0.62

0.67

0.71

0.76

0.81

0.86

0.90

0.95

1.00

1.05

1.10

1.14

1.19

1.24

1.29

1.33

1.38

1.43

110

0.45

0.50

0.55

0.59

0.64

0.68

0.73

0.77

0.82

0.86

0.91

0.95

1.00

1.05

1.09

1.14

1.18

1.23

1.27

1.32

1.36

115

0.43

0.48

0.52

0.57

0.61

0.65

0.70

0.74

0.78

0.83

0.87

0.91

0.96

1.00

1.04

1.09

1.13

1.17

1.22

1.26

1.30

120

0.42

0.46

0.50

0.54

0.58

0.63

0.67

0.71

0.75

0.79 0.83 0.88

0.92

0.96

1.00

1.04

1.08

1.13

1.17

1.21

1.25

125

0.40

0.44

0.48

0.52

0.56

0.60

0.64

0.68

0.72

0.76

0.80

0.84

0.88

0.92

0.96

1.00

1.04

1.08

1.12

1.16

1.20

130

0.38

0.42

0.46

0.50

0.54

0.58

0.62

0.65

0.69

0.73

0.77 0.81

0.85

0.88

0.92

0.96

1.00

1.04

1.08

1.12

1.15

135

0.37

0.41

0.44

0.48

0.52

0.56

0.59

0.63

0.67

0.70

0.74

0.78

0.81

0.85

0.89

0.93

0.96

1.00

1.04

1.07

1.11

140 145

0.36 0.34

0.38

00..4431

00..4465

00..5408

24

0.57 0.55

0.61 0.59

00..6642

0.68

0.71

0.75 0.72

0.79 0.82 0.76 0.79

0.88 0.83

0.89 0.86

0.93 0.90

0.96 0.93

1.00 0.97

1.04 1.00

1.07 1.03

150

0.33

0.37

0.40

0.43

0.47

0.50

0.53

0.57

0.60

00..6663

00..6697

0.70

0.73 0.77

0.80

0.83

0.87

0.90

0.93

0.97

Intermediate 0.80-0.88

Android >0.88

42 41

32 31 31

43 42 40

30 29 28

Was this article helpful?

0 0
The Mediterranean Diet Meltdown

The Mediterranean Diet Meltdown

Looking To Lose Weight But Not Starve Yourself? Revealed! The Secret To Long Life And Good Health Is In The Foods We Eat. Download today To Discover The Reason Why The Mediterranean Diet Will Help You Have Great Health, Enjoy Life And Live Longer.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment