The principles of surgical repair are to return the abdominal contents to the abdominal cavity and repair the diaphragmatic defect. It may be possible to repair the defect by simply suturing the edges together. However, if the defect is large a patch repair may be undertaken using prosthetic material. The long-term outcome of congenital diaphragmatic hernia is dependent primarily on the degree of pulmonary hypoplasia. The main GI consequence appears to be gastroesophageal reflux, seen in up to 62% of cases.48
Was this article helpful?
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.