Ergolytic Agents Going Backwards

niter reading about agents that are potentially beneficial to you, its now time to focus on substances that can destroy what youVe been trying to build up. Ergolt/tic agents are those substances which do not enhance, but rather impair, performance, be it physical, mental, or psychological♦ When using these substances, you may be undoing the benefits and successes gained through training and the use of ergogenic agents. Here's another way to think of it — you may be wasting your money if on one hand you are buying ergogenic agents and on the other continuing to use ergolytic agents. Hopefully, by staying away from ergolytic agents, you can maximally improve your athletic performance

Alcohol

Heavy alcohol intake can lead to severe dehydration!

Drinking a lot of alcohol in the evening can lead to a state of dehydration the next day if adequate fluid replacement does not occur. There have been incidences during road races and regular training where people have died after a night of heavy drinking, without adequate rehydration prior to and during exercise. Although a rare occurrence, it can happen.

Some athlete believe that drinking small amount of alcohol prior to an event can be relaxing and instill self-confidence- This is completely false. In fact, alcohol may compromise physical performance by decreasing the release of glucose from the liver. This will cause a decrease in blood glucose and possibly lead to hypoglycemia.

Numerous studies on young trained athletes have shown that performance decreases after ingestion of alcohol. The myth that alcohol can alter the perception of fatigue is also false. There is generally no effect on perception of performance after drinking.

Smokeless Tobacco

Many SEALs have been or are frequent users of smokeless tobacco. Use of such products has been on the rise in the past 20 years with an annual reported increase of 11% since 1974. Many athletes believe that smokeless tobacco will improve their performance or enhance their reaction time by giving them a quick "rush" during the event. After a brief discussion of what nicotine {the active ingredient in all tobacco products) does to your body you will understand why performance enhancement and chew don't go together.

Nicotine is the major ingredient of smokeless tobacco and very, very addictive (as addicting as cocaine or heroin). It is termed a psychoactive drug which means it alters the normal functioning of the brain by stimulating the central nervous system and resulting in the nicotine "buzz" or "high". It is this "mental state" that users claim enhances their reaction time and performance. However, studies have shown no differences in reaction times between users and non-users of smokeless tobacco. Remember: there are NO reaction time improvements with chew

Nicotine has some very detrimental effects on an athlete. Nicotine is a vasoconstrictor (makes blood vessels tighten). This action on the circulatory system raises blood pressure and heart rate, thereby causing a decrease in cardiac efficiency. In one study of young athletes, two parameters of cardiac performance (stroke volume * the amount of blood pumped out of the heart with each contraction, and cardiac output - the amount of blood the heart pumps in one minute) both showed decreases while using smokeless tobacco. This is very undesirable for an athlete and could cause a severe decrease in performance.

Antihistamines

Antihistamine use is prevalent among all groups of people since it is a common over-the-counter medication. Many types of antihistamines are used, with the most common ones being Benadryl and Seldane. One of the most common side effects of many antihistamines is drowsiness. This ts not typically seen with many of the newer, "non-sedating" types of antihistamines.

Antihistamines may compromise mental performance

Some of the detrimental mental effects of the sedating antihistamines include:

  • Decreased ability to concentrate
  • Increase in reaction time
  • Sleepiness
  • Decreased score on rifle target practice - "more misses"

Seldane appears to have the least effects in terms of drowsiness and mental performance decrements, so if you need an antihistamine, it may be best to take this one!

Other Side Effects of Sedating Antihistamines

Dry Mouth

Increase in Heart Rate

Blurred Vision

Constipation

No clear cut effects on physical performance have been observed, but caution should be exerted when taking any type of medication.

Appendix 1

The Bible of Body Building

The Bible of Body Building

Our lives have come a long way from the Stone Age, and we are quite thankful for the various  technological advancements that have brought us so far. We still have a long way to go, but the place we are right now is quite commendable too.

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