Figure Qualified Health Claims Ranked B C Or D

The Big Heart Disease Lie

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1. Qualified Claims about

Cancer Risk Selenium and cancer

Eligible Foods or Supplements Supplements containing selenium

Claim Statement (including disclaimer)

Selenium may reduce the risk of certain cancers. Some scientific evidence suggests that consumption of selenium may reduce the risk of certain forms of cancer. However, the FDA has determined this evidence is limited and not conclusive.

Antioxidant vitamins and cancer

Supplements containing vitamin E and/or vitamin C

Some scientific evidence suggests that consumption of antioxidant vitamins may reduce the risk of certain forms of cancer. However, the FDA has determined that this evidence is limited and not conclusive.

2. Qualified Claims about Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Monounsaturated fat in olive oil

Eligible Foods or Supplements Olive oil

Claim Statement (including disclaimer) Limited and not conclusive scientific evidence suggests that eating about 2 tablespoons (23 grams) of olive oil daily may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease due to the monounsaturated fat in olive oil. To achieve this possible benefit, olive oil is to replace a similar amount of saturated fat and not increase the total number of calories you eat in a day. One serving of this product contains_grams of olive oil.

Nuts and heart disease

Whole or chopped nuts (almonds, hazelnuts, peanuts, pecans, some pine nuts, pistachio nuts, walnuts), some nut-containing products

Supportive but not conclusive research shows that eating 1.5 ounces per day of walnuts, as part of a low-saturated-fat and low-cholesterol diet and not resulting in increased caloric intake, may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. See nutrition information for fat content.

Omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease

Supplements containing the omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and/or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. FDA evaluated the data and determined that, although there is scientific evidence supporting the claim, the evidence is not conclusive.

Food containing the omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Supportive but not conclusive research shows that consumption of EPA and DHA omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. One serving of this food provides_grams of EPA and

DHA omega-3 fatty acids.

figure 2-27 (Continued)

B vitamins and vascular disease

Supplements containing vitamin B6, B12, and/or folic acid

3. Qualified Claims about

Cognitive Function Phosphatidylserine and cognitive dysfunction and dementia

Folic acid and neural tube defects

Eligible Foods or Supplements Supplements containing soy-derived phosphatidylserine

Supplements containing folic acid

4. Qualified Claims about Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes Chromium picolinate and insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

Eligible Foods or Supplements Supplements containing chromium picolinate

As part of a well-balanced diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol, folic acid, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 may reduce the risk of vascular disease. The FDA evaluated the above claim and found that while it is known that diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol reduce the risk of heart disease and other vascular diseases, the evidence in support of the above claim is inconclusive.

Claim Statement (including disclaimer) Consumption of phosphatidylserine may reduce the risk of dementia in the elderly. Very limited and preliminary scientific research suggests that phosphatidylserine may reduce the risk of dementia in the elderly. The FDA concludes that there is little scientific evidence supporting this claim.

0.8 mg folic acid in a dietary supplement is more effective in reducing the risk of neural tube defects than a lower amount in foods in common form. The FDA does not endorse this claim. Public health authorities recommend that women consume 0.4 mg folic acid daily from fortified foods or dietary supplements or both to reduce the risk of neural tube defects.

Claim Statement (including disclaimer) One small study suggests that chromium picolinate may reduce the risk of insulin resistance, and therefore possibly may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. FDA concludes, however, that the existence of such a relationship between chromium picolinate and either insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes is highly uncertain.

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