- Our understanding of many trace minerals is still emerging. a. True b. False
- Two cups of yogurt contain about as much calcium as 1 cup of milk. a. True b. False
- Sodium and potassium are involved in muscle contraction and transmission of nerve impulses.
- True b. False
- Canned soft drinks are high in sodium. a. True b. False
- Iodine is needed to maintain a normal metabolic rate. a. True b. False
- Few minerals are toxic in excess. a. True b. False
- Nearly all foods contain water. a. True b. False
- The kidneys will always excrete a certain amount each day to eliminate waste products. a. True b. False
- Sodium, potassium, and calcium are referred to as electrolytes. a. True b. False
- Name the mineral(s) referred to by the following descriptions:
- Involved in bone formation.
- Found mostly in milk and milk products.
- Helps maintain water balance and acid-base balance.
- Some diuretics deplete the body of this mineral.
- Found in the stomach juices.
- High in bananas and oranges.
- Found in certain water supplies.
- Found in salt.
- Found in heme.
- Causes a form of anemia. k. Occurs in the soil.
- Your Eating Style
Using Figures 7-7 and 7-12 summarizing the major and trace minerals (or a worksheet the instructor hands you), circle any foods that you do not eat at all or that you eat infrequently, such as dairy products or green vegetables. Do you eat most of the foods containing minerals, or do you dislike vegetables and maybe fruits, too? In terms of frequency, how often do you eat mineral-rich foods? The answers to these questions should help you assess whether your diet is adequately balanced and varied, which is necessary to ensure adequate mineral intake.
2. Mineral Salad Bar
You are to set up a salad bar by using a worksheet the instructor hands out. You may use any foods you like in the salad bar as long as you have a good source of each of the minerals and fill in each of the circles. In each circle on the worksheet, write down the name of the food and which mineral(s) it is rich in.
3. Sodium Countdown
Using Appendix A, list the sodium content of 10 of your favorite foods. How much would each contribute to the Adequate Intake for sodium?
4. One-Day Food Record and Nutrient Analysis
Now that you have learned about all the nutrients, you can see how many nutrients you take in during a typical day. To do so, write down everything you eat
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