Trancheur noun the person in the kitchen who cuts meat note From French meaning carver

Transamination noun the process by which amino acids are metabolised in the liver transdermal adjective used for describing nutrients that are able to be absorbed through the skin trans-fatty acid noun an unsaturated fat formed during the hydrogenation of vegetable oils to produce margarine, viewed as a health risk because they raise cholesterol levels transgenic adjective 1. used for describing an organism into which genetic material from a different species has been transferred using the...

Soluble adjective able to dissolve

Soluble fibre noun a type of fibre in vegetables, fruit, pulses and porridge oats that is partly digested in the intestine and reduces the absorption of fats and sugar into the body, so lowering the level of cholesterol solution noun a mixture of a solid substance dissolved in a liquid solvent noun a liquid in which a solid substance can be dissolved somatotrophin noun a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that controls bone and tissue development sommelier noun the person in charge of...

CDP abbreviation chef de partie

CDRC abbreviation Coeliac Disease Resource Centre celeriac noun a vegetable with a thick root tasting like celery, often eaten grated as a salad or used to make a pur e celery noun a white- or green-stemmed plant eaten cooked as a vegetable or, more frequently, raw in salads celery seeds plural noun the small brown seeds of a wild celery plant native to southern Europe, used as a flavouring in pickles, tomato ketchup and tomato juice (note The plant's botanical name is Apium graveolens.) cell...

Adephagy noun excessive eating technical

ADHD abbreviation attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADI abbreviation Acceptable Daily Intake adipectomy noun a surgical operation to remove subcutaneous fat adipolysis noun hydrolysis of fats during digestion by the action of enzymes adiponectin noun a hormone that affects energy homeostasis adipose noun fatty adipose tissue noun tissue in which the cells contain fat adipsia noun the absence of thirst (technical) adoucir verb to make food less strong or salty adrenal glands plural noun...

Calmodulin

Calmodulin noun a calcium-binding protein found in the cells of most living organisms that controls many enzyme processes calorie noun a unit of measurement of energy in food. Abbreviation cal calorie-controlled adjective used for describing a diet that is low in calories for the purposes of losing weight calorie-dense adjective used for describing food and drink that is high in calories with comparatively few essential nutrients Calorie Restriction for Longevity noun a dietary plan that is...

Court bouillon

Court bouillon noun a liquid used for poaching fish, made with water flavoured with vegetables, herbs and wine or vinegar COUSCOUS noun 1. very small grains of wheat cooked by steaming 2. a North African dish of meat and vegetables stewed in a spicy sauce, served with steamed couscous Cover noun a place for a customer at a restaurant table, with the cutlery and glasses already set out Cover Charge noun an extra charge for service in a restaurant, added to the cost of food or drinks Cow beef...

Hypoxia

Hypoxia noun a condition in which there is an unusually low concentration of oxygen in the blood and bodily tissues IAFP abbreviation International Association for Food Protection IASO abbreviation International Association for the Study of Obesity iatrogenic adjective caused by medical interference or drug use IBD abbreviation inflammatory bowel disease IBS abbreviation irritable bowel syndrome ice noun 1. water that is frozen and has become solid 2. ice cream verb 1. to add ice to something,...

Nyctalopia

Nutrition noun 1. the way in which food affects health 2. the study of food nutritional disorder noun any disorder or disease caused by poor nutrition nutritional guidelines plural noun public advice about healthy eating given by an authority nutritional information noun additional information about the nutritional value of a food product, often used on food labelling in the UK nutritional labelling noun nutritional information on the label of foods and drinks, including the energy value and...

Croissant

Porating well-beaten eggs slowly with continuous beating note The trapped air expands with steam during the baking and setting process. cream of tartar noun potassium tartrate or potassium bitartrate when used as a raising agent in cooking cream of tartare noun potassium hydrogen tartrate, used as a stabilising and raising agent creamy adjective 1. with a texture, colour, taste or consistency like that of cream 2. containing a large amount of cream creatine noun a compound of nitrogen found in...

Paunch

Paunch verb to remove the internal organs from a rabbit or hare before cooking pavlova noun a large circle of meringue filled with fruit and whipped cream PCB abbreviation polychlorinated biphenyl pea noun a climbing plant with round green seeds that are eaten as vegetables peach noun a juicy fruit with a soft hairy yellow or red-and-yellow skin and sweet yellow flesh peak bone mass noun the amount of bone tissue present in the body at full maturation of the skeleton. Abbreviation PBM peanut...

Freeze concentration

Formic acid noun a colourless corrosive liquid with an unpleasant smell that is naturally present in ants and in some plants. Also called methanoic acid note It is used in tanning, electroplating, paper, textiles, insecticides and refrigerants. forming machine noun a piece of food processing equipment that forms soft foods into shapes such as nuggets formula noun 1. a way of indicating the composition of a chemical compound using letters and numbers, e.g. H2SO4 note The plural is formulas or...

Pizza oven

Pilot production noun a stage of product development that is a test run for mass production, carried out in order to find any flaws with the process pimento noun a large heart-shaped variety of chilli pinch noun an amount of powder held between the thumb and forefinger, roughly equal to one quarter of a gram pineapple noun a tropical fruit with a tough knobbly skin, pale yellow flesh and leaves sprouting from the top pine nut noun a small sweet seed of some pine trees, especially the pinon...

Verotoxic E coli noun same as enterohaemorrhagic E coli

Verotoxins plural noun toxins produced by enterohaemorrhagic E coli bacteria verylow density lipoprotein noun a form of lipoprotein produced by the liver which transports lipids around the bloodstream. Abbreviation VDLD veterinary drug residues plural noun traces of medicines used for treating livestock that are still present when the animal is slaughtered for food Vibrio parahaemolyticus noun an infective food poisoning bacterium found in shellfish and other seafood, producing symptoms of...

Trolox

Transverse colon noun the second section of the colon, which crosses the body below the stomach traveller's diarrhoea noun diarrhoea caused by exposure to unfamiliar bacteria or unsanitary conditions while travelling. Abbreviation TD tray service noun a way of serving food in which the complete meal is assembled on a tray and taken or given to the consumer, as in hospitals or prisons treacle noun a thick dark-brown syrup produced when sugar is refined, used for making treacle toffee tree nut...

Bradypepsia

Bradypepsia noun the fact of having a slow-working digestive system bradyphagy noun extreme slowness when eating bradyuria noun slowness while urinating brain noun the part of the central nervous system situated inside the skull braise verb to cook meat or vegetables in a covered pot with very little liquid braising steak noun good-quality beef suitable for braising bramble noun a wild blackberry bran noun the outside covering of the wheat seed, removed when making white flour, but an important...

Meat glaze

Meat glaze noun white or brown beef stock, reduced by boiling until sticky, used as a base for sauces or to improve their flavour meat hammer noun a heavy hammer with a textured or spiked head, used for tenderising meat meat loaf noun a solid block of minced meat, vegetables and flavourings cooked and usually served hot meat pie noun a pie filled with precooked meat, gravy, flavouring and seasoning prior to baking meat-processing plant noun a factory in which raw and cooked meats are processed...

Gout

Gout noun pain caused by crystallisation of uric acid in the joints Graham diet noun a dietary plan that is wholly vegetarian and allows fats only in small quantities grain noun 1. a measure of weight equal to 0.0648 grams. Abbreviation gr 2. a small hard seed GrainInformation Service noun an organisation that provides information on wheat intolerance and associated diseases graining noun the crystallisation of sugar that takes place when it is boiled and cooled gram noun a metric measure of...

Cantaloupe noun a small round melon with a ridged scaly rind and aromatic orange flesh note The plan

Canthaxanthin noun a reddish pigment in water insects that colours the yolks of duck eggs CAP abbreviation Common Agricultural Policy caper noun the flowerbud of a Mediterranean bush, pickled and used in sauces or as a garnish for fish and meat capillary noun an extremely narrow thin-walled blood vessel that connects small arteries arterioles with small veins venules to form a network throughout the body capon noun an edible cockerel that grows and increases in weight more rapidly than other...