Table of Contents

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PART I Food

Chapter 1 Food Constituents 3

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 2 Microbiological Safety of Foods 37

Kumar S. Venkitanarayanan and Michael P. Doyle

Chapter 3 Food Labeling: Foods and Dietary Supplements 69

Constance J. Geiger

Chapter 4 Computerized Nutrient Analysis Systems 85

Judith Ashley and Gwenn Snow

Chapter 5 Nutrient Data Analysis Techniques and Strategies 93

Alan R. Dyer, Kiang Liu, and Christopher T. Sempos

PART II Nutrition Science

Chapter 6 Nutrition Terminology 107

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 7 Nutritional Biochemistry 121

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 8 Trace Mineral Deficiencies 159

Forrest H. Nielsen

Chapter 9 Vitamin Deficiencies 177

Richard S. Rivlin

Chapter 10 Potential Benefits for the Use of Vitamin and Mineral Supplements 193

Richard Cotter, Judith Moreines, and Leon Ellenbogen

Chapter 11 Nutrient-Nutrient Interactions 221

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 12 Comparative Nutrition 227

William P. Flatt and Carolyn D. Berdanier

PART III Nutrition Throughout Life

Chapter 13 Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation 235

Kathryn M. Kolasa and David G. Weismiller

Chapter 14 Feeding the Premature Infant 259

Beth Baisden, Chantrapa Bunyapen, and Jatinder Bhatia

Chapter 15 Feeding the Term Infant 271

Yvette Gamble, Chantrapa Bunyapen, and Jatinder Bhatia

Chapter 16 Nutrition for Healthy Children and Adolescents Aged 2 to 18 Years 285

Suzanne Domel Baxter

Chapter 17 Health-Promoting Diet for Adults 345

Marsha Read

Chapter 18 Nutrition in Later Years 359

Mary Ann Johnson and Sohyun Park

Chapter 19 Exercise and Nutrient Need 373

Emma M. Laing

Chapter 20 Vegetarian Diets in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention 389

Claudia S. Plaisted Fernandez and Kelly M. Adams

PART IV Nutrition Assessment

Chapter 21 Dietary Guidelines, Food Guidance, and Dietary Quality 417

Eileen Kennedy and Jeanne Goldberg

Chapter 22 Dietary Guidelines Around the World: An Update 429

Odilia I. Bermudez, Johanna T. Dwyer, Winifred Yu, and Linda G. Tolstoi

Chapter 23 Nutrition Monitoring in the United States 451

Jean Pennington

Chapter 24 Nutrition Monitoring and Research Studies: Observational Studies 471

Jenifer H. Voeks, Suzanne E. Perumean-Chaney, and Gary Cutter

Chapter 25 Nutrition Screening and Monitoring Tools 481

Ronni Chernoff

Chapter 26 Dietary Intake Assessment: Methods for Adults 493

Helen Smiciklas-Wright, Diane C. Mitchell, and Jenny Harris Ledikwe

Chapter 27 Use of Food Frequency Questionnaires in Minority Populations 509

Rebecca S. Reeves and Patricia W. Pace

Chapter 28 Methods and Tools for Dietary Intake Assessment in Individuals vs. Groups 529

Marian L. Neuhouser and Ruth E. Patterson

Chapter 29 Lessons Learned over 35 Years: Dietary Assessment Methods for School-Age Children 543

R. Sue McPherson Day, Deanna M. Hoelscher, Carissa A. Eastham, and Erin M. Koers

Chapter 30 Anthropometric Assessment: Historical Perspectives 577

George A. Bray

Chapter 31 Anthropometric Assessment: Stature, Weight, and the Body Mass Index in Adults 581

William Cameron Chumlea, Michael J. LaMonte, and George A. Bray

Chapter 32 The How and Why of Body Composition Assessment in Adults 589

William Cameron Chumlea, Karen E. Remsberg, and Marta D. Van Loan

Chapter 33 Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index in Childhood 597

Christine L. Williams and Mary Horlick

Chapter 34 Frame Size, Circumferences, and Skinfolds 611

Barbara J. Scott

Chapter 35 Psychological Assessment for Adults and Children 629

Craig A. Johnston, Chermaine Tyler, and John P. Foreyt

Chapter 36 Energy Assessment: Physical Activity 639

Nancy L. Keim and Cynthia A. Blanton

Chapter 37 Environmental Challenges and Assessment 649

Suzanne Phelan and Gary D. Foster

PART V Clinical Nutrition

Chapter 38 Medical Nutritional Evaluation 661

Elaine B. Feldman and Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 39 Protein-Energy Malnutrition 669

Naomi K. Fukagawa

Chapter 40 Assessment of Lipids and Lipoproteins 683

Elaine B. Feldman and Gerald R. Cooper

Chapter 41 Clinical Nutrition Studies: Maximizing Opportunities and Managing the Challenges 693

Colin D. Kay, Penny M. Kris-Etherton, Tricia L. Psota, Deborah Maddox Bagshaw, and Sheila G. West

Chapter 42 Hyperlipidemias: Major Gene and Diet Effects 715

Elaine B. Feldman, Patty Siri-Tarino, and Ronald M. Krauss

Chapter 43 Effects of Diet on Cardiovascular Disease Risk 727

Patty Siri-Tarino, Elaine B. Feldman, and Ronald M. Krauss

Chapter 44 Nutritional Treatment of Blood Pressure: Nonpharmacologic Therapy 735

L. Michael Prisant

Chapter 45 Nutritional Treatment of Blood Pressure: Major Nonpharmacologic Trials of Prevention or

Treatment of Hypertension 771

L. Michael Prisant

Chapter 46 Nutrition on Diabetes Mellitus 785

Maria F. Lopes-Virella and Carolyn H. Jenkins

Chapter 47 Renal Nutrition 815

Lynn Thomas and Roxanne Poole

Chapter 48 Genetics of Human Obesity 833

Chenxi Wang, Richard N. Baumgartner, and David B. Allison

Chapter 49 Metabolic Assessment of Overweight Patients 847

Shawn C. Franckowiak and Ross E. Andersen

Chapter 50 Adult Obesity 869

Diane K. Smith

Chapter 51 Childhood Obesity and Exercise 889

Scott Owens, Bernard Gutin, and Paule Barbeau

Chapter 52 Bariatric Surgery for Obese Patients: Important Psychological Considerations 903

Christian R. Lemmon and Paule Barbeau

Chapter 53 Bariatric Surgery Overview 915

Malgorzata Stanczyk, Robert G. Martindale, and Clifford Deveney

Chapter 54 Nutrition-Related Genetic Diseases 929

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 55 Folate, Homocysteine, and Neurologic Diseases 949

Hyunmi Kim and James Carroll

Chapter 56 Eating Disorders (Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, Binge-Eating Disorder) 955

Christian R. Lemmon

Chapter 57 Alcohol: Metabolism and Effects on Nutrition 975

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 58 Nutrients and Age-Related Eye Disease 979

Judith Moreines, Richard Cotter, and Leon Ellenbogen

Chapter 59 Nutrition and Oral Medicine 987

Diane Rigassio Radler, Riva Touger-Decker, Dominick P. DePaola, and Connie Mobley

Chapter 60 Nutrition and Hollow Organs of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract 1003

Ece A. Mutlu, Gökhan M. Mutlu, and Sohrab Mobarhan

Chapter 61 Nutrition and Hollow Organs of Lower Gastrointestinal Tract 1023

Ece A. Mutlu, Gökhan M. Mutlu, and Sohrab Mobarhan

Chapter 62 Nutrient Metabolism and Support in Normal and Diseased Livers 1051

Mark T. DeMeo

Chapter 63 Nutrition and the Pancreas: Physiology and Interventional Strategies 1067

Srinadh Komanduri and Mark T. DeMeo

Chapter 64 Macromineral Nutrition, Disorders of Skeleton and Kidney Stones 1079

Stanley Wallach and Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 65 Anemia 1093

Brent H. Limbaugh, Linda K. Hendricks, and Abdullah Kutlar

Chapter 66 Food Allergy 1111

Scott H. Sicherer

Chapter 67 Enteral Nutrition 1125

Gail A. Cresci and Robert G. Martindale

Chapter 68 Parenteral Nutrition 1143

Gail A. Cresci and Robert G. Martindale

Chapter 69 Nutrition in Critical Illness 1159

Gail A. Cresci and Robert G. Martindale

Chapter 70 Plant Foods and Phytochemicals in Human Health 1175

David Heber

Chapter 71 Mechanisms for Cancer-Protective Effects of Bioactive Dietary Components in

Fruits and Vegetables 1187

Cindy D. Davis

Chapter 72 Nutrition and Cancer Treatment 1211

David Heber and Susan Bowerman

Chapter 73 Drugs Used in Treatment or Management of Human Diseases 1223

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Chapter 74 Drug-Nutrient Interactions 1237

James L. Hargrove

Chapter 75 Herbal Supplements 1241

Carolyn D. Berdanier

Index 1247

Part I

Food

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