This is a slight variation on the normal crunch that will make it more effective. Exercise No.3 & 4 will work the upper abs more strongly.
While still lying on the floor, bring your legs into the traditional crunch position. Now for the twist. Put your feet together and let your knees fall to the sides as in the photo. Try and keep your heels close to your butt.
With hands behind your head, exhale and curl your shoulders towards your knees. The actual movement will not be much but you will feel it working the abs. Keep your elbows back, do not pull on your head with the elbows forward. By keeping the elbows back the exercise will actually be harder and more effective.
Do the reps with a slow to moderate pace and concentrate on the movement. Aim for 30 reps in good form. Again, build to this slowly.
Rest 10-20 seconds then do No.4
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