References

Halki Diabetes Remedy

New Home Treatments to Cure Diabetes

Get Instant Access

  1. Reaven, G, Banting Lecture: Role of insulin resistance in human disease (review). Diabetes, 37:1595-1607, 1988.
  2. Bjorntorp, P, Visceral obesity: A "civilization syndrome," Obesity Res., 1:206-222, 1993.
  3. Vague, J, The degree of masculine differentiation of obesities: a factor determining predisposition to diabetes, atherosclerosis, gout, and uric calculous disease, Am. J. Clin. Nutr, 4:20-34, 1956.
  4. Kissebah, A, Relation of body fat distribution to metabolic complications of obesity, J. Clin. Endo. Metab., 54:254-60, 1982.
  5. Alberti, K and Zimmet, P, World Health Organization (WHO) consultation: Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications, Part I: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus: provisional report of a WHO consultation, Diabet. Med., 15:539-553, 1998.
  6. Panel E. Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III), JAMA, 285:2486-97, 2001.
  7. Haffner, S and Taegtmeyer, H, Epidemic obesity and the metabolic syndrome (review), Circulation, 108:1541-45, 2003.
  8. Reaven, G, The insulin resistance syndrome (review), Curr. Athero. Reports, 5:364-71, 2003.
  9. Wilson, P and Grundy, S, The metabolic syndrome: a practical guide to origins and treatment, Part II, Circulation, 108:1537-1540, 2003.
  10. Reilly, M and Rader, D, The metabolic syndrome, more than the sum of its parts? (review), Circulation, 108:1546-51, 2003.
  11. Katzmarzyk, PT, Leon, AL, Wilmore, JH, et al., Targeting the metabolic syndrome with exercise: Evidence from the Heritage Family Study, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 35:1703-09, 2003.
  12. Johnson, J, Slentz, C, Duscha, B, et al., Gender and racial differences in lipoprotein subclass distribution; The STRRIDE study, Atherosclerosis, 176:371-77, 2004.
  13. Despres, J, Couillard, C, Gagnon, J, et al., Race, visceral adipose tissue, plasma lipids and lipoprotein lipase activity in men and women, the HERITAGE family study, Arter. Thromb. Vasc. Biol., 20:1932-38, 2000.
  14. Wei, M, Gibbons, L, Mitchell, T, Kampert, J, Lee, C, and Blair, S, The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus in men, Ann. Intern. Med .,130:89-96, 1999.
  15. Wei, M, Gibbons, L, Kampert, J, Nichaman, M, and Blair, S, Low cardiorespiratory fitness and physical inactivity as predictors of mortality in men with type 2 diabetes, Ann. Intern. Med., 132:605-11, 2000.
  16. Blair, S, Kohl, HI, Paffenbarger, RJ, Clark, D, Cooper, K, and Gibbons, L, Physical Fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy men and women, JAMA, 262:2395-2401, 1989.
  17. Blair, S, Kohl, HI, Barlow, C, Paffenbarger, RJ, Gibbons, L, and Macera, C, Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy and unhealthy men, JAMA, 273:1093-98, 1995.
  18. Fagard, R, Exercise characteristics and the blood pressure response to dynamic physical training, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33:S484-492, 2001.
  19. Blair, S, Kohl, HI, Barlow, C, and Gibbons, L, Physical fitness and all-cause mortality in hypertensive men, Ann. Med., 23:307-12, 1991.
  20. Whaley, M, Kampert, J, Kohl, HI, and Blair, S, Physical fitness and clustering of risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome, Med. Sci. Sports Exeric., 31:287-93, 1999.
  21. Katzmarzyk, PT, Church, T, and Blair, S, Cardiorespiratory fitness attenuates the effects of metabolic syndrome on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men, Archives Intern. Med., 164:1092-97, 2004.
  22. Kaplan, N, The Deadly Quartet: upper body obesity, glucose intolerance, hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension, Archives Intern. Med., 149:1514-20, 1989.
  23. Carroll, S, Cooke, C, and Butterly, R, Metabolic clustering, physical activity and fitness in nonsmoking, middle-aged men, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 32:2079-86, 2000.
  24. Irwin, M, Ainsworth, B, Mayer-Davis, E, Addy, C, Pate, R, and Durstine, J, Physical activity and the metabolic syndrome in a tri-ethnic sample of women, Obes. Res., 10:1030-1037, 2002.
  25. Lakka, T, Laaksonen, D, Lakka, H, et al., Sedentary lifestyle, poor cardiorespiratory fitness, and the metabolic syndrome, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 35:1279-1286, 2003.
  26. Panagiotakos, D, Pitsavos, C, Chrysohoou, C, et al., Impact of lifestyle habits on the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among Greek adults from the ATTICA study, Am. Heart J, 2004; 147:106-12, 2004.
  27. Lee, C, Jackson, A, and Blair, S, US weight guidelines: is it also important to consider cardiorespiratory fitness? Internat. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord., 22:2-7, 1998.
  28. Wei, M, Kampert, J, Barlow, C, et al., Relationship between low cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality in normal-weight, overweight, and obese men, JAMA, 282:1547-53, 1999.
  29. Farrell, S, Braun, L, Barlow, C, Cheng, Y, and Blair, S, The relation of body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness and all-cause mortality in women, Obes. Res., 2002; 10:417-23, 2002.
  30. Lee, C, Blair, S, and Jackson, A, Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in men, Am. J .Clin. Nutr., 69:373-80, 1999.
  31. Gagnon, J, Province, M, and Bouchard, C, The HERITAGE Family study: quality assurance and quality control, Ann. Epidemiol., 6:520-29, 1996.
  32. Whelton, S, Chin, A, Xin, X, and He, J, Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials, Ann. Intern. Med., 136:493-503, 2002.
  33. Halber, J, Silagy, C, Finucane, P, Withers, R, Hamdorf, P, and Andrews, G, The effectiveness of exercise training in lowering blood pressure: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials of 4 weeks or longer, J. Human Hypertens., 11:641-49, 1997.
  34. Kelley, G and Sharpe, K, Aerobic exercise and resting blood pressure in older adults: a meta-analytic review of RCT's, J. Gerontol. Series A-Bio. Sci. Med. Sci. 56:298-303, 2001.
  35. Kelley, G, Aerobic exercise and resting blood pressure among women: a meta-analysis, Prev. Med., 28:264-75, 1999.
  36. Durstine, J and Haskell, W, Effects of exercise training on plasma lipids and lipo-proteins, Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev., 22:477-524, 1994.
  37. Leon, A and Sanchez, O, Response of blood lipids to exercise training alone or combined with dietary intervention, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33:S502-515, 2001.
  38. Kraus, W, Houmard, J, Duscha, B, et al., Effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins, N. Engl. J. Med., 347:1483-92, 2002.
  39. Boule, N, Haddad, E, Kenney, G, Wells, G, and Sigal, R, Effects of exercise on glycemic control and body mass in Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, JAMA, 286:1218-27, 2001.
  40. Group UPDS, Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylureas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes, Lancet, 352:837-53, 1998.
  41. Group UPDS, Effect of intensive blood-glucose control with metformin on complications in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes, Lancet, 352:854-65, 1998.
  42. Arciero, P, Vukovich, M, Holloszy, J, Racette, S, and Kohrt, W, Comparison of short-term diet and exercise on insulin action in individuals with abnormal glucose tolerance, J. Appl. Physiol., 86:1930-35, 1999.
  43. Walker, K, Piers, L, Putt, R, Jones, J, and O'Dea, K, Effects of regular walking on cardiovascular risk factors and body composition in normoglycemic women and women with Type 2 diabetes, Diabet. Care, 22:555-61, 1999.
  44. Ross, R, Dagnone, D, Jones, P, et al., Reduction in obesity and related comorbid conditions after diet-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss in men: a randomized, controlled trial, Ann. Intern. Med., 133:92-103, 2000.
  45. Ivy, J, Zderic, T, and Donovan, F, Prevention and treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev., 27:1-35, 1999.
  46. Dowse, G, Zimmet, P, Gareeboo, H, et al., Abdominal obesity and physical inactivity as risk factors for NIDDM and impaired glucose tolerance in Indian, Creole, and Chinese Mauritians, Diabet. Care, 14:271-82, 1991.
  47. Pereira, M, Kriska, A, Joswiak, M, et al., Physical inactivity and glucose tolerance in the multiethnic island of Mauritius, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 27:1626-34, 1995.
  48. Zimmet, P, Collins, V, Dowse, G, et al., The relation of physical activity to cardiovascular disease risk factors in Mauritians, Am. J. Epidemiol., 134:862-75, 1991.
  49. Mayer-Davis, E, D'Agostino, R, Karter, A, Haffner, S, Rewers, M, Saad, M, Bergman, R, Intensity and amount of physical activity in relation to insulin sensitivity: the Insulin Resistance Atherolsclerosis Study, JAMA, 279:669-674, 1998.

Kriska, A, LaPorte, R, Pettitt, D, et al., The association of physical activity with obesity, fat distribution and glucose intolerance in Pima Indians, Diabetologia, 36:863-869, 1993.

Manson, J, Nathan, D, Krolewski, A, Stampfer, J, Willett, W, and Hennekens, C, A prospective study of exercise and incidence of diabetes among U.S. male physicians, JAMA, 268:63-67, 1992.

Manson, J, Rimm, E, Stampfer, J, et al., Physical activity and incidence of NIDDM in women, Lancet, 338:774-778, 1991.

Lipman, R, Raskin, P, Love, T, Triebwasser, J, Lecocq, F, and Schnure, J, Glucose intolerance during decreased physical activity in man, Diabetes, 21, 1972. Lipman, R, Schnure, J, Bradley, E, and Lecocq, F, Impairment of peripheral glucose utilization in normal subjects by prolonged bed rest, J. Lab. Clin. Med., 76:221-30, 1970.

Misbin, R, Moffa, A, and Kappy, M, Insulin binding to monocytes in obese patients treated with carbohydrate restriction and changes in physical activity, J. Clin. Endo-crinol. Metab., 56:273-78, 1983.

Stuart, C, Shamgraw, R, Prince, M, Peters, E, and Wolfe, R, Bed-rest-induced insulin resistance occurs primarily in muscle, Metabolism, 37:802-06, 1988. Heath, G, Gavin, J, Hinderliter, J, Hagberg, J, Bloomfield, S, and Holloszy, J, Effects of exercise and lack of exercise on glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, J. Appl. Physiol., 55:512-17, 1983.

King, D, Dalsky, G, Clutter, W, et al., Effects of exercise and lack of exercise on insulin sensitivity and responsiveness, J. Appl. Physiol. 64:1942-46, 1988. Mikines, K, Sonne, B, Tronier, B, and Galbo, H, Effects of training and detraining on insulin action in trained men, J. Appl. Physiol., 66:704-11, 1989. Rogers, M, Yamamoto, C, King, D, Hagberg, J, Ehsani, A, and Holloszy, J, Improvement in glucose tolerance after 1 wk of exercise in patients with mild NIDDM, Diabet. Care, 11:613-18, 1988.

Seals, D, Hagberg, J, Allen, W, et al., Glucose tolerance in young and older athletes and sedentary men, J. Appl. Physiol., 56:1521-25, 1984.

Holloszy, J, Schultz, J, Kusnierkiewicz, J, Hagberg, J, and Eshani, A, Effects of exercise on glucose tolerance and insulin resistance: brief review and preliminary results, Acta. Med. Scand., 711:55-65, 1986.

Reitman, J, Vasquez, B, Klimes, I, and Nagulesparan, M, Improvement of glucose homeostasis after exercise training in NIDDM, Diabet. Care, 7:434-441, 1984. Schneider, S, Amorosa, A, Khachadurian, A, and Ruderman, N, Studies on the mechanism of improved glucose control during regular exercise in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes, Diabetologia, 26:355-360, 1984. Dela, F, Larsen, J, Mikines, K, Ploug, T, Petersen, L, and Galbo, H, Insulin-stimulated muscle glucose clearance in patients with NIDDM: effects of one-legged physical training, Diabetes, 44:1010-20, 1995.

Group DPPR, Reduction in the incidence of Type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin, N. Engl. J. Med., 346:393-403, 2002.

Braun, B, Zimmermann, B, and Kretchmer, N, Effects of exercise intensity on insulin sensitivity in women with NIDDM, J. Appl. Physiol., 78:300-306, 1995. Hawley, J and Houmard, J, Introduction — Preventing insulin resistance through exercise: a cellular approach, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 36:1187-1190, 2004. Berggren, J, Hulver, M, Dohm, G, and Houmard, J, Weight loss and exercise: implications for muscle lipid metabolism and insulin action, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 36:1191-95, 2004.

  1. Bruce, C and Hawley, J, Improvements in insulin resistance with aerobic exercise training: a lipocentric approach, Med Sci. Sports Exerc, 36:1196-1201, 2004.
  2. Ivy, J, Muscle insulin resistance amended with exercise training: role of GLUT4 expression, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 36:1207-11, 2004.
  3. Houmard, J, Tanner, C, Slentz, C, Duscha, B, McCartney, J, and Kraus, W, Effect of the volume and intensity of exercise training on insulin sensitivity, J. Appl. Physiol, 96:101-06, 2004.
  4. Binder, E, Birge, S, and Kohrt, W, Effects of endurance exercise and hormone replacement therapy on serum lipids in older women, J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 44:231-36, 1996.
  5. Slentz, C, Duscha, B, Johnson, J, et al., Effects of the amount of exercise on body weight, body composition, and measures of central obesity, Arch. Intern. Med., 164:31-39, 2004.
  6. Ekelund, L, Haskell, W, Johnson, J, et al., Physical fitness as a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in asymptomatic North American men: the Lipid Research Clinics Mortality Follow-up Study, N. Engl. J. Med., 319:1379-1384, 1988.
  7. Meyers, J, Prakash, M, Froelicher, V, Do, D, Partington, S, and Atwood, J, Exercise capacity and mortality amount men referred for exercise testing, N. Engl. J. Med., 346:793-801, 2002.
  8. Weiner, D, Ryan, T, Parsons, L, et al., Long-term prognostic value of exercise testing in men and women from the Coronary Artery Surgery Study (CASS) registry, Am. J. Card., 75:865-70, 1995.
  9. Wei, M, Kampert, J, Barlow, C, et al., Relationship between low cardiorespiratory fitness and mortality in normal-weight, overweight and obese men, JAMA, 282:1547-53, 1999.
  10. Slattery, M and Jacobs, DJ, Physical fitness and CVD mortality: the US Railroad Study, Am. J. Epidemiol., 127:571-80, 1988.
  11. Peters, R, Cady, LJ, Bischoff, D, et al., Physical fitness and subsequent myocardial infarction in healthy workes, JAMA, 249:3052-56, 1993.
  12. Wyns, W, Musschaert-Beauthier, E, van Domburg, R, et al., Prognostic value of symptom limited exercise testing in men with a high prevalence of coronary artery disease, Eur. Heart J., 6:939-45, 1985.
  13. Roger, V, Jacobsen, S, and Pellikka, P, Prognostic value of treadmill exercise testing: a population-based study in Olmsted county, Minnesota, Circulation, 98:2836-41.
  14. Gulati, M, Pandey, D, Arnsdorf, M, et al., Exercise capacity and the risk of death in women: The St. James Women Take Heart Project, Circulation, 108:1554-59, 2003.
  15. Weinsier, R, Hunter, G, Heini, A, Goran, M, and Sell, S, The etiology of obesity: relative contribution of metabolic factors, diet & physical activity, Am. J. Med., 105:145-150, 1998.
  16. Prentice, A, and Jebb S, Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth? Br. Med. J., 311:437-39, 1995.
  17. Mayer, J, Marshall, N, Vitale, J, Christensen, J, Mashayekhi, M, and Stare, F, Exercise, food intake and body weight in normal rats and genetically obese adult mice, Am. J. Physiol., 177:544-48, 1954.
  18. Mayer, J, Purnima, R, and Mitra, K, Relation between caloric intake, body weight, and physical work: studies in an industrial male population in West Bengal, Am. J. Clin. Nutr, 4:169-175, 1956.
  19. Asikainen, T, et al., Randomized, controlled walking trials in post-menopausal women: the minimum dose to improve aerobic fitness, Br. J. Sports Med., 36:189-194, 2002.
  20. Mark, D and Lauer, M, Exercise capacity: the prognostic variable that doesn't get enough respect, Circulation, 108:1534-36, 2003.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment