The Church Growth Kit
Does speak more loudly than the conscience, and it is deaf to pleas to deny self for the sake of others, particularly other species. The rise of Christianity to cultural dominance, moreover, did nothing to strengthen the voice of conscience with respect to animal welfare. There were vegetarian sects within the medieval church (like the Manichees, for example), but the orthodox position, presented by Aquinas, was that the human race was given dominion over the animal creation, and could use it as best served human needs. The ideal of kinship between people and animals that had been put forward by ancient vegetarians was overridden by Aquinas' principle that the possession of rationality was necessary for moral consideration to be extended to a creature.6 To be sure, certain prominent churchmen Saints John Chrysostom and Benedict, for example did forswear the eating of flesh food their motivation, however, was primarily the desire to suppress their own carnal appetites, rather than to...
In the United States, as in most developed countries, a number of services and programs exist to help those who are in need due to age, illness, poverty or adverse circumstances. This is often not the case in less-developed countries, where individuals and communities experience hardships due to a lack of social, health, and welfare services. In the United States, private charitable organizations, churches, and the government assist in providing what is often called a safety net of services, including nutrition or food services, to prevent or reduce deprivation for individuals and communities. The nutrition programs that have the greatest impact are those supported by the government, and in most cases the federal government provides resources to states through various funding methods.
While NGOs are, by definition, independent from government, they often engage in political activities and work closely with governments. NGOs are involved in activities related to international development, including relief work, provision of health and human services, advocacy for human rights, and environmental protection. There are several types of NGOs, such as charity organizations, churches, research institutes, community-based organizations, and lobbying groups. Those whose primary focus is on the development and implementation of projects and programs are referred to as operational NGOs, and those whose primary focus is on defending or promoting a certain cause or influencing policies are called advocacy, or campaigning, NGOs. However, both operational and advocacy NGOs have to mobilize financial resources, needed materials, and volunteers in order to achieve their goals and purposes.
Each community will have a unique response to the need for adolescent services and for others in need of nutrition support. There may be churches or food pantries that assist those with food insecurity. Health care professionals should become familiar with these local resources (or with the social worker, nurse, or person in the office answering the The WIC program is a proven effective resource that should be pursued for any pregnant adolescent who qualifies. The general guidelines for the program are nationwide, but each individual state has flexibility in implementing the program. Contacting the local agency implementing the program and obtaining details of community specifics will allow tailoring of interventions to build around the existing programs. The webpage has agency contacts listed by state. Providing a list for your patients of the locations of WIC offices along with other local resources such as food banks, churches with meals, etc should be considered.
Nutrition information from food labels and J. Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott). Nutrition information from food labels and J. Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott).
Selection Another phenomenon that must be considered when evaluating cancer risk in vegetarian societies or religious organizations that promote a vegetarian lifestyle is the possibility of selection bias. Only a very small percentage of the general population choose to join religious groups that advocate lifestyle changes, yet a large proportion (about 50 ) of the SDA church, for example, is composed of adult converts. It is possible that people who join these organizations as adults already Religiosity Those people who are observant of a religious faith (regardless of which particular sect or denomination) enjoy lower incidence and mortality than the general population.67 Regular attendance at church services has been associated with lowered mortality from several chronic diseases.68 The possibility that some aspect of spiritual life or some other lifestyle highly correlated with spirituality explains the lower cancer risk in religious denominations that espouse vegetarianism must...
The Seventh-Day Adventist Church, a Christian denomination founded in the 1850s in the U.S., currently has about 10 million members worldwide, with 760,000 of these members residing in North America. By 1900, a number of the early church doctrines had evolved into formal church proscriptions on tobacco and alcohol use and pork consumption. In addition to these guidelines, the church leaders published a set of dietary guidelines for the members that included a strong recommendation for the cessation of consumption of all meats. Dietary data collected among church members over the past four decades indicate that about one third to one half of the membership in California consumes no meat.104 For the purpose of two prospective cohort studies,96,97 the population of California Seventh-Day Adventists was identified by a census taken from church membership rosters in 1958 and in 1974. The population identified in the 1958 census was used to enroll the Adventist Mortality Study, in which...
Data from the Adventist Health Study (AHS) is of interest in comparing the effects of a vegetarian diet on obesity. The Seventh-Day Adventist Church doctrine promotes a healthy life-style and includes the recommendation of a vegetarian diet for its members. This study collected diet and other life-style characteristics of some 34,000 individuals, following them for several years and recording the incidence of chronic disease and death. Data recorded in 1976 indicated that about 45 of Californian Seventh-Day Adventists were vegetarian, with the remaining 55 consuming flesh food from occasionally (less than once per week) to daily. This fact makes this a valuable study population in which to compare the differences between vegetarians and non-vegetarians, since both groups share many socio-demographic and life-style characteristics, differing primarily in diet.
Seventh day Adventists (SDAs) are a conservative Christian denomination dating back to the mid-19th century in the U.S By religious belief, the SDA church proscribes the use of tobacco, alcohol, and pork among church members and recommends, but does not require, that members practice a vegetarian lifestyle. As a consequence, a small number (
Upon its opening, in 1866, the Western Health Reform Institute was heralded far and wide through the Seventh-day Adventist journal Review and Herald. Dr. H. S. Lay, the first physician in charge, and James and Ellen White, early founders of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, were instrumental in founding this health institution. Taking in visitors and teaching simple principles, such as advocating the use of Graham bread and counseling eight hours of sleep at night, the institution struggled to live up to its grand name until 1876, when John Harvey Kellogg became medical director. In 1877, Kellogg changed the name to Battle Creek Sanitarium.
African-American meals are deeply rooted in traditions, holidays, and celebrations. For American slaves, after long hours working in the fields the evening meal was a time for families to gather, reflect, tell stories, and visit with loved ones and friends. Today, the Sunday meal after church continues to serve as a prime gathering time for friends and family.
Richard Dunkerly, an evangelical Christian, teacher, and writer states Of all people, Christians should not be the destroyers. We should be the healers and reconcilers. We must show NOW how it will be THEN in the Peaceable Kingdom of Isaiah 11 6 where 'the wolf shall lie down with the lamb and a little child shall lead them.' We can begin now within our homes and churches by teaching our children respect and love for all of God's creation by teaching them. 39 Ellen White, one of the founders of the Seventh-Day Adventist church first advocated a vegetarian diet in 1863.52 But, apparently, she found it difficult to maintain and periodically continued to indulge in meat until 1894. It was a plea from a woman in Australia that fi nally made the impression that was needed to make vegetarianism a permanent commitment. In a letter to friends in the U.S., she wrote When the selfishness of taking the lives of animals to gratify a perverted taste was presented to me by a Catholic woman,...
Consider how the Bible Code discovery mirrors the 8 most important bioactive fruits of the ancient Essenes grape (vine), dates, olives, figs, pomegranates, apricots, carob, and small yellow apples. The Essenes are a religious group originally based in the Dead Sea region of Israel. They are historically known for the raw-vegetarian dietary philosophy, well-developed wisdom, and remarkable longevity. The Essenes are still around today - at the moment, the worldwide Essene Church is headed by raw-foodist Reverend David Owen (see Organizations at the end of this book).
Research has shown a correlation between living alone and having lower quality diets. Men may be at greater risk because they are less experienced with planning, shopping, and preparing meals. Women may feel less motivated to prepare meals when there is no one to share them with. Ways to improve social interaction during meals and improve the experience of dining alone include participating with others, such as at churches or Congregate Dining sites, eating by a window, using good china, eating in a park or on one's porch, garnishing meals, and trying various frozen or prepared dinners.
Pennington, 2004, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 18th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott Williams & Wilkins). Data from food labels and J. Pennington, 2004, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 18th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott Williams & Wilkins).
Her parents, Robert and Eunice Harmon, had eight children, including Ellen's twin sister, Elizabeth. They were followers of William Miller, who espoused the second coming of Christ, and part of the Millerite movement, which later led to the founding of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. In 1846, Ellen married James White, who was a preacher and a cofounder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. The couple had three sons, and they eventually made their home in Battle Creek, Michigan. Though shy and reluctant, Ellen White was to become a popular lecturer on temperance. Initially unaccustomed to being vegetarian, she became convinced that she should adopt a meatless diet (though this was not required by the Church). Other foods, such as coffee and strong cheese, also were eliminated from her table. Not all her books were about health, however. Over her lifetime, she produced a steady amount of work, some devotional, some historical, and some educational in nature.
Nutrient data from food labels, McDonald's Corporation (www.mcdonalds.com) and J. Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott). Nutrient data from food labels, McDonald's Corporation (www.mcdonalds.com) and J. Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott).
Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's food values of portions commonly used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia, PA Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins). Created from data in J. Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's food values of portions commonly used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia, PA Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins).
The answer, of course, is vegetarianism, but the message of the puzzle is mixed. On the one hand, the text on nutrition implies that the truth of vegetarianism is derived from science on the other, the man presenting the text is a missionary, an emissary from the church rather than the laboratory. He is attempting, furthermore, to convert his audience, to change their minds with moral appeals, instead of through scientific evidence and argument. In truth, for much of the history of vegetarianism in Western society, its proponents have behaved much like the missionary in the Jumble, presenting good nutrition more as a gospel than as a text, and striving to convert dietary heathen as much by preaching as by teaching.
Vegetarianism was brought to the U.S. toward the end of the 1810s by William Metcalfe, an envoy of the Bible Christian Church. The first organization in modern times to make vegetarianism one of the requirements of membership, the Church had been founded in Manchester, England in 1807, by the Swedenborgian minister William Cowherd (the founders of modern vegetarianism might have been named by Dickens in addition to Lambe and Cowherd, there was the latter's envoy to America, William Metcalfe, to complete an herbivore triumvirate). Though motivated in part by humanitarian sentiment, Cowherd had been equally impressed by the writings of Cheyne, and forbade his congregation meat (and alcohol, too) in large part for reasons of health.21 The Bible Christians would continue in existence in England until the 1880s at least, but their greatest impact came early in the century and on American soil. Around 1830, while engaged in the business of organizing a New World branch of his church in...
Graham influenced others to take up the cause of health reform. John Harvey Kellogg, while working as an apprentice typesetter, was exposed to a compilation of articles on health, including Graham's Health, or How to Live, a series of six pamphlets published by the Seventh-day Adventist Church, and he became intensely interested in Graham's dietetic and sanitary reforms. In his spare moments Kellogg read all of Graham's writings. Ralph Waldo Emerson made reference to Sylvester Graham as the poet of bran and pumpkins. Graham died in 1851.
Born and raised near Battle Creek, the birthplace of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Kellogg became intimately involved with the religious-medical-health doctrine of the Seventh-day Adventists. Yet, tragically, before his death he and his brother had split their business, he had given up the rights to use the Kellogg name, and he spent the final third of his life outside the Seventh-day Adventist Church, which expelled him in 1907 due to his divergent views on the Bible and his belief in pantheism, the belief that there is a divine presence in all living things. Born to John Preston Kellogg and his second wife, Anne, on February 26, 1852, John Harvey Kellogg's family lived on a 160-acre farm in rural Tyrone Township in Livingston County, Michigan. When he was four years old, his family moved to Battle Creek. John Preston Kellogg invested money toward the building of the Battle Creek Sanitarium. However, it was the early church leaders, James and Ellen White, who encouraged Kellogg's...
Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott) and food labels. Data from food labels and J. Pennington, 1998, Bowes & Church's Food Values of Portions Commonly Used, 17th ed. (Philadelphia Lippincott) and food labels.
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