Previous page 197


next page >

the gods (a take-off on its Latin name Theobroma cacao, which means 'food of the gods' (6)) because it combines sweet taste tempered by a touch of bitterness, because of its wonderful and complex aroma and its sensuous mouth-feel.


  1. Rozin, P., Levine, E. and Stoess, C. (1991) Chocolate craving and liking. Appetite 17, 199212.
  2. Weingarten, H. P. and Elston, D. (1991) Food cravings in a college population. Appetite, 17, 167175.
  3. Pelchat, M.L. (1997) Food cravings in young and elderly adults. Appetite 28, 103113.
  4. Michener, W. and Rozin, P. (1994) Pharmacological versus sensory factors in the satiation of chocolate craving. Physiol. Behav. 56, 419422.
  5. (1991) Physiol. Behav. 49 (5) (whole issue).
  6. McGee, H. (1984) On Food and Cooking. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  7. Hoskin, J.C. (1994) Sensory properties of chocolate and their development. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 60 (Suppl.), 1068S1070S.
  8. Bergamasco, N.H., and Beraldo, K.E. (1990) Facial expressions of neonate infants in response to gustatory stimuli. Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 23 (3/4), 245249.
  9. Rosenstein, D. and Oster, H. (1988) Differential facial responses to four basic tastes in newborns. ChildDevel. 59 (6), 15551568.
  10. Steiner, J.E. (1974) Discussion paper: innate, discriminative human facial expressions to taste and smell stimulation. Ann N. Y. Acad. Sci. 237, 229233.
  11. Steiner, J.E. (1973) The gustofacial response: observation on normal and anencephalic newborn infants. Symp. Oral Sensation Perception 4, 254278.
  12. Moskowitz, H., Kumaraiah, V., Sharma, K.N., Jacobs, H.L. and Sharma, S.D. (1975) Cross-cultural differences in simple taste preferences. Science 190 (4220), 12171218.
  13. Breslin, P.A. and Beauchamp, G.K. (1995) Suppression of bitterness by sodium: variation among bitter taste stimuli. Chem. Senses 20 (6), 609623.
  14. Breslin, P.A. and Beauchamp, G.K. (1997) Salt enhances flavour by suppressing bitterness. Nature 387 (6633), 563.
  15. Rozin, P. (1976) The selection of food by rats, humans and other animals. In Advances in the Study of Behavior, Vol. 6 (Ed. by Rosenblatt, J., Hinde, R.A., Beer, C. and Shaw, E.), pp. 2176. Academic Press, New York.
  16. Desor, J.A., Maller, O. and Andrews, K. (1975) Ingestive responses of human newborns to salty, sour, and bitter stimuli. J. Comp. Physiol. Psychology 89 (8), 966970.
  17. Maone, T.R., Mattes, R.D., Bernbaum, J.C. and Beauchamp, G.K. (1990) A new method for delivering taste without fluids to preterm and term infants. Dev. Psychobiol. 23 (2), 179191.
  18. Mattes, R.D., Maone, T., Wager-Page, S., et al. (1996) Effects of sweet taste stimulation on growth and sucking in preterm infants. J. Obstet. Gynecol. NeonatalNurs. 25 (5), 407414.
  19. Yokomukai, Y., Cowart, B.J. and Beauchamp, G.K. (1993) Individual differences in sensitivity to bitter-tasting substances. Chem. Senses 18 (6), 669681.
  20. Reed, D.R., Bartoshuk, L.M., Duffy, V., Marino, S. and Price, R.A. (1995) PROP

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Appetite Antidote

Appetite Antidote

Discover How You Can Free Yourself FromĀ  Uncontrolled Habits And Get Your Eating Under Control Once And For All! This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Ways To Reclaime Your Rightful Body. Sound eating isn't about rigid nutrition doctrines, staying unrealistically skinny, or depriving yourself of the foods you adore.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment