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Table 20.1 Availability of chocolate confectionery in the USA.

Chocolate and chocolate-type confectionery

Availability (g/day)

Types of chocolate confectionery (%)

1992 1996*



All chocolate and chocolate types

12.8 14.5


1.7 2.0



Solid with inclusions

1.3 1.3



Enrobed or molded: with candy, fruit, nut or granola center

6.1 6.3



Enrobed or molded: with bakery product center

0.9 1.0




1.8 2.6



Assortments and other

1.0 1.4



Source: Bureau of Census, US DOC (5).

* Figures have not been rounded, hence sums of individual rows do not necessarily equal totals.

1991 199? 1993 iggj 1996


Trends in chocolate confectionery availability in the USA. Source: IOCCC (4).

1991 199? 1993 iggj 1996


Trends in chocolate confectionery availability in the USA. Source: IOCCC (4).

Availability of Chocolate Confectionery Internationally

Chocolate confectionery availability varies widely from country to country (Fig. 20.6). European countries, where production of chocolate and chocolate confectionery as we know it today originated, tend to have the highest availability, while countries in Asia and tropical climates tend to have very low availability.

IOCCC data on international chocolate confectionery supplies reveal that overall availability generally increased throughout the world from 198696, though there were slight changes in rank among the countries (Fig. 20.6).

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Trends in international availability of chocolate confectionery. Source: IOCCC (4).

Trends in international availability of chocolate confectionery. Source: IOCCC (4).

The age ranges of the CSFII, NDS and NVS survey populations differed, and comparisons of data on mean food intakes by the total survey populations therefore are inappropriate. However, intake data may be compared for males and females ages 1950, as individuals in this age range are included in all three surveys.

Specific chocolate confectionery items coded in the CSFII, NDS and NVS surveys vary, as would be expected in three different consumer markets. Numbers of chocolate confectionery food codes ranged from 12 in the UK NDS for adults to about 70 in the 199496 CSFII.

The NDS for adults and NVS surveys are 7-day diary/record surveys. The NDS for toddlers was a 4-day survey, with weighting factors calculated to project 7-day average food and nutrient intakes. The 199496 CSFII data were collected using dietary recalls on each of 2 days, approximately but not exactly 2 weeks apart. It would be appropriate to compare overall survey average food consumption intake data from the NDS for adults and the NVS, as both are 7-day surveys. It would not be appropriate to compare these averages with unadjusted 4-day average consumption by UK toddlers or 2-day average consumption of foods reported in the CSFII because of differences in probability of consumption of rarely consumed foods over the survey periods.

CSFII, NDS and NVS survey results may, however, be appropriately compared when each person-day of intake is considered separately. In the following sec

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