Selenium

The importance of selenium as one of the essential trace minerals was discovered in the late 1950s. Since then, most research has been conducted on farm and laboratory animals. To date there is no evidence showing that selenium is helpful in bodybuilding. However, its use should be investigated by people working in areas where mercury and cadmium are used in manufacturing processes. The body tissues are offered a measure of protection from these poisonous minerals by supplements containing...

Potassium

Approximately S percent oi the body'-, mineral contenl is potassium, the most importanl element bcudes calcium and phosphtuuv It i < lowly related to sodium in maintaining the lieid-base balance oi the body by tmnsfiri ring nutrients in and oui o rh'. cells With potassium working within the cell membrane and sodium wnrking outside. Lit es maintain an envijoftmcnl permitting ihe Tree nansfer ol iitiirienl . throughout l he ceJIuhir system Potassium also helps to iciat muscles. Kv combining...

Fat Secondary Source Of Energy

Competitive bodybuilders consider fat their worst enemy be cause it forms in layers between muscle and skin, causing a loss of definition. Many years ago, when bodybuilding was in its beginning stages, definition was not a deciding factor in winning competitions. At that time, building huge muscles was very difficult to accomplish, so a man with enormous muscle size was usually declared the winner of contests This accounts for the pictures taken of bodybuilders many years ago, which show men...

Inositol

Inositol is another oi the water-soluble vitamins associated with the B complex group. Closely related to choline, it is found along with choline in the same supplements. It occurs in animal and plant tissues, and in humans it is stored chiefly in the brain and skeletal and heart muscles. Functions By promoting the production of lecithin, inositol helps in moving fats from the liver to the cells. By doing so it aids in the metabolism of fats and helps reduce cholesterol levels. In combination...

Phosphorus

Phosphorus and calcium are closely related, being found together in the blood serum throughout our body systems. To maintain a proper chemical balance, we need twice as much calcium as phosphorus. A deficiency or an overabundance of either mineral causes a disruption in the storage and utilization of the other. For example, when the amount of phosphorus we ingest goes up, our supply of calcium goes down. Usually, bodybuilders are high in phosphorus because (I) it is found in almost all foods,...

Carbohydrates Primary Source Of Energy

Common among bodybuilders is the practice of going on diets high in protein and very low in carbohydrate. Their understanding of the essential role played by protein in building muscle and repairing tissue is certainly correct. Yet too many remain unaware that carbohydrates are needed to power those muscles and to generate energy needed for training. Remember, the energy needs of the body take priority over all other functions, and when you do not have sufficient carbohydrates in the diet to...

Bodybuilders Nutrition

As you probably know, hundreds of books have been written about nutrition, thousands on the suhiect of dieting. Most of these are geared to the average person and are not concerned with the high level of performance demanded of athletes. Many health-minded individuals want only to look good and feel good therefore, they rarely focus on the roles played by specific vitamins, minerals, and enzymes or the relative importance of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Some are actually surprised to...

Vitamin B Pangamic Acid

Vitamin B15, more often referred to as pangamic acid, has the dubious reputation of being responsible for the increased energy levels of Russian athletes I have found that some manufacturers of American vitamins tend to credit the ingredients of any new product with having performed miracles in foreign countries, such as Russia and Switzerland. These claims are not based on fact but are created by copywriters struggling to earn a living just like everyone else. In truth, the superior...

Thyroid Medication

Many bodybuilders trying to lose weight are indiscriminate in their use of thyroid medication. They little realize that an over-stimulated thyroid gland causes a loss of muscle tissue at the same rate as fat. Because this gland controls the speed of all cellular processes, it is not selective in banishing fat rather than muscle for the convenience of bodybuilders. In addition, thyroid medication has the harmful effect of also stimulating the parathyroid gland, controlling the calcium content of...

Protein Bodybuilding Food

Without protein, there would be no life since it forms the basic substance of our muscles, bones, brain, nerves, heart, and every other organ. Only protein contains nitrogen, an essential part of protoplasm. Without it, the cells would slowly wear away, unable to reproduce and form new cells. As previously mentioned, red blood cells have a life of only 18 weeks and must constantly be replaced. Without a supply of dietary protein providing the amino acids essential for the reproduction of new...

Vitamin E Tocopherols

In 1936 vitamin E was first isolated from wheat germ oil and named tocopherol, taken from two Greek words, tokos and pherein, which meant to bear offspring. The offspring are eight tocopherols making up vitamin E with alpha tocopherol being the most important nutritionally. Like other fat-soluble vitamins, it needs a certain amount of fat for absorption in the body. Its chief storage sites are the muscles, liver, and fatty tissue, yet a large amount is also found in the heart, lungs, uterus,...

Biotin

Biotin is one of the water-soluble vitamins that make up the B- Functions li nuihl important function reluLing to bodybuiiti ers is helping U> rdrase adenosine triphosphate < A FT* j. the nuwn NourLu ol energy U> r muscular work. In udditiiin it is needed ftu the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. DeHcitney symptoms Ocflciewiei iuc rare hecause mniin is found in a variety hi ioodH from plants and animal stiurtes. Only when a J o-'i crtnmim large jmnums il raw L- jg white as...

Hair Mineral Analysis

A hair mineral analysis is an excellent indication of the balance of minerals in the body. Although this test is not geared to diagnosing or treating medical conditions, it does determine the lack of specific nutrient minerals and trace elements In addition, it can indicate the extent of your exposure to toxic pollutants, such as cadmium, arsenic, lead, mercury, and aluminum, which are often present in the environment in which you live or work. Your hair more accurately records minerals stored...

Vitamin B Thiamine

Most often referred to as thiamine, vitamin B, was first used to cure beriberi a disease ol the nel'M.nls sysletli primarily affecting p-. tif> c in riLf t.uinp Louutnes such us China Beiiberi simply means i tan not because ihost suffering from the disease ud a. deadening sensation in their muscles prc n nl 111 them from mo'.- it around w.inout nient effort. TKu' was due to the lack .it thin 11 tine in their diet of polished nee. In nulling, the husk of ili gram cqniaintng ihe vitamin was...

Protein

Bodybuilder 1981 Workouts

Although one of the requirements for my chiropractic degree was 500 class hours of nutrition, and twice this number were needed for my Ph.D., I also learned from practical experience. Arnold and his Conan director, John Milius, visit Franco backstage at the 1981 Arnold and his Conan director, John Milius, visit Franco backstage at the 1981 Knowledge from books makes us aware of possibilities we never knew existed, but this is only part of learning Some people never go beyond the facts and ideas...

Supplements

When it LOmtR lo luUi vitamins unci nilflLi.jis. I He average j-i Ciuji i dirc erf m liihks of Reeoit mended Dail Atlownnccs rftE gt A iitiiblishiM h Uil- hiiMJ Lind Nuirifi m Board Research Council, J liL'Hi iMhSfo. unginnlK dcM tied J.-- guideline for Lahelinj inid HC1S lire .drill IoI individuals no lt ln olvcd in -.ports ui other dLiiviiic. ili ii pjacc gn nt demands on body vnitnu. For Uns liKiiOJl, mun's ni tin iUpptcrncmr, niggled lor bndyHuilder. show an in.crcss.je in daily allowances...

Protoplasm

Protoplasam Food

Like the amoeba, every body cell is made up of protoplasm, composed mainly of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and n trogen. These elements account for most of our body weight. The remainder is made up of calcium, phosphorus, chlorine, sodium, potassium, sulfur, magnesium, iron, and trace elements such as manganese, copper, and iod ne. Most of these elements are chemically converted from the air we breathe and the food we eat. Carbon and hydrogen, for example, are produced chiefly from carbohydrates....

Folic Acid Folacin

This vitamin, first isolated from spinach, was originally called folacin, which stems from a Latin word meaning leaf. Some of its richest sources are vegetables with large leaves, such as apm ch and escarole. Functions The inclusion of folic acid in the diet of bodybuilders is important for several reasons. In its role as one of the water-soluble B vitamins, it stimulates the production of hydrochloric M d. 1 hereby helping in the breakdown ol protein. Without a sufficient supply ut folic add....